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  • UPSC Syllabus – Prelims, Mains, & Personal Interview Syllabus-IAS Exam

    UPSC Syllabus for IAS exam or civil services exam is provided each year through the Civil Services Exam Notification. It is broadly divided into two parts: UPSC Prelims Syllabus and UPSC Mains Syllabus.

    The internet is littered with outdated information for the same and accessing complete and latest IAS Syllabus at one place, in an easy to understand format, can be challenging. Below, you will find the full IAS Syllabus broken down into various phases and subjects. This article gives a broad overview of the civil services syllabus with additional links containing in-depth information.


    The UPSC divides the Civil Services Exam into three successive stages:

    1: Preliminary Examination (Objective)

    2: Mains Examination (Subjective)

    3: Personality Test (Verbal)

    UPSC Syllabus for IAS Prelims

    The UPSC Prelims Exam is the first and foremost exam intended to determine the reasoning and analytical ability of a candidate. It consists of two objective type papers (multiple choice questions), each carrying 200 marks (total of 400 marks) with an allocated time of 2 hours each.  This purpose of the exam is to screen the candidates for Main Examination and the marks obtained in prelims are not counted in the final merit.

    UPSC Prelims Syllabus for IAS Prelims Paper 1 – General Studies

    Marks: 200 | Duration: Two hours | Counted for Mains Selection

    1. Current events of national and international importance.
    2. History of India and Indian National Movement.
    3. Indian and World Geography-Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.
    4. Indian Polity and Governance – Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.
    5. Economic and Social Development Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector initiatives, etc.
    6. General issues on Environmental Ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change – that do not require subject specialisation.
    7. General Science.

    UPSC Prelims Syllabus for IAS Prelims Paper 2 – CSAT

    Marks: 200 | Duration: Two hours | NOT Counted for Mains Selection but 33% Marks Needed for Qualifying

    1. Comprehension.
    2. Interpersonal skills including communication skills.
    3. Logical reasoning and analytical ability.
    4. Decision-making and problem-solving.
    5. General mental ability.
    6. Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. – Class X level).

    how to start your IAS Preparation

    UPSC Syllabus for IAS Mains

    The UPSC Mains Exam is a crucial part of the Civil Services Exam as every mark scored in this stage counts in the selection process. The UPSC Mains Syllabus is designed in a way that helps in assessing the academic talent of the individual in the form of his/her ability to apply and present his/her knowledge. Rather than memorisation and rote learning, the exam is designed to analyse the overall understanding of the subject and depth of intellect.

    It consists of 9 subjective papers, out of which two papers are qualifying, carrying 300 marks each. The remaining 7 papers include: Essay Paper, GS Paper I-IV and Optional Paper I-II. Each paper carries 250 marks (total of 1750 marks). Only the marks obtained by the candidates in these 7 papers are counted in the final merit.

    PaperUPSC Exam PatternMarks
    AIndian Language - UPSC Syllabus. One of the Indian Languages to be selected by the candidate from the Languages included in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution. This paper will not be compulsory for candidates hailing from the States of Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Sikkim300 (25% for Qualifying)
    BEnglish Language300 (25% for Qualifying)
    Paper-IEssay - UPSC Syllabus. Can be taken in the language of choice. Candidates may be required to write essays on multiple topics. They will be expected to keep closely to the sub- ject of the essay to arrange their ideas in orderly fashion and to write concisely. Credit will be given for effective and exact expression.250
    Paper-IIGeneral Studies-I - UPSC Syllabus. (Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society)250
    Paper-IIIGeneral Studies-II - UPSC Syllabus (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations)250
    Paper-IVGeneral Studies-III - UPSC Syllabus (Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)250
    Paper-VGeneral Studies-IV (Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude)250
    Paper-VIOptional - Paper 1250
    Paper-VIIOptional - Paper 2250

    UPSC IAS Prelims Booklist

    The scope of the syllabus for optional subject papers (Paper VI and Paper VII) for the examination is broadly of the honours degree level. In the case of Engineering, Medical Science and law, the level corresponds to the bachelors’ degree. A candidate can select any optional subject from the list of following subjects including Language/Literature.

    Optional SubjectsLiterature Optionals
    Agriculture - UPSC SyllabusAssamese - UPSC Syllabus
    Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science - UPSC SyllabusBengali - UPSC Syllabus
    Anthropology - UPSC SyllabusBodo - UPSC Syllabus
    Botany - UPSC SyllabusDogri - UPSC Syllabus
    Chemistry - UPSC SyllabusGujarati - UPSC Syllabus
    Civil Engineering - UPSC SyllabusHindi - UPSC Syllabus
    Commerce and Accountancy - UPSC SyllabusKannada - UPSC Syllabus
    Economics - UPSC SyllabusKashmiri - UPSC Syllabus
    Electrical Engineering - UPSC SyllabusKonkani - UPSC Syllabus
    Geography - UPSC SyllabusMaithili - UPSC Syllabus
    Geology - UPSC SyllabusMalayalam - UPSC Syllabus
    History - UPSC SyllabusManipuri - UPSC Syllabus
    Law - UPSC SyllabusMarathi - UPSC Syllabus
    Management - UPSC SyllabusNepali - UPSC Syllabus
    Mathematics - UPSC SyllabusOriya - UPSC Syllabus
    Mechanical Engineering - UPSC SyllabusPunjabi - UPSC Syllabus
    Medical Science - UPSC SyllabusSanskrit - UPSC Syllabus
    Philosophy - UPSC SyllabusSanthali - UPSC Syllabus
    Physics - UPSC SyllabusSindhi - UPSC Syllabus
    Political Science and International Relations - UPSC SyllabusTamil - UPSC Syllabus
    Psychology - UPSC SyllabusTelugu - UPSC Syllabus
    Public Administration - UPSC SyllabusUrdu - UPSC Syllabus
    Sociology - UPSC SyllabusEnglish - UPSC Syllabus
    Statistics - UPSC Syllabus
    Zoology - UPSC Syllabus

    Art and Culture UPSC Study Material

    UPSC Syllabus for Personality Test

    The candidates who successfully qualify the UPSC Mains Exam are called for the final phase of the process, i.e. Personality Test (Interview) carrying 275 marks. The test is conducted by a board of competent evaluators who check the suitability of the appearing candidate.

    1. The candidate will be interviewed by a board who will have before them a record of his/her career and interests filled by him/her in the Detailed Application Form (DAF).
    2. The test is intended to determine the suitability of the candidate by judging his/her mental calibre, reasoning ability and moral integrity.
    3. In the personality test, apart from their academic study, candidates are expected to have taken an intelligent interest in the events which are happening around them both within and outside their state or country as well as in modern currents of thought.


    Lastly, the final merit list is issued on the basis of the cumulative marks scored by the candidates in Mains Exam and Personality Test. The merit list is published on the website of Union Public Service Commission as well as in the leading newspapers.

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