UPSC Sociology Syllabus 2020 for IAS exam

UPSC Sociology Syllabus 2020 for the IAS exam is provided by the Civil Service Exam Notification. Sociology is one of the many optional subjects that can be opted for the Civil Services Mains Exam. UPSC Sociology Syllabus for Mains Exam consists of two papers for 250 marks each. Therefore, making a total of 500 marks.

The detailed UPSC syllabus for sociology subject is given below: 

UPSC Sociology Syllabus 2020 - Paper I Syllabus   


1. Sociology - The Discipline:

(a) Modernity and social changes in Europe and the emergence of sociology

(b) Scope of the subject and comparison with other social sciences

(c) Sociology and common sense

2. Sociology as Science:

(a) Science, scientific method and critique

(b) Major theoretical strands of research methodology

(c) Positivism and its critique

(d) Fact value and objectivity

(e) Non- positivist methodologies

3. Research Methods and Analysis:

(a) Qualitative and quantitative methods

(b) Techniques of data collection

(c) Variables, sampling, hypothesis, reliability and validity

4. Sociological Thinkers:

(a) Karl Marx- Historical materialism, mode of production, alienation, class struggle

(b) Emile Durkheim- Division of labour, social fact, suicide, religion and society

(c) Max Weber- Social action, ideal types, authority, bureaucracy, protestant ethic and the spirit of capitalism

(d) Talcolt Parsons- Social system, pattern variables

(e) Robert K. Merton- Latent and manifest functions, conformity and deviance, reference groups

(f) Mead - Self and identity

5. Stratification and Mobility:

(a) Concepts- equality, inequality, hierarchy, exclusion, poverty and deprivation

(b) Theories of social stratificationStructural functionalist theory, Marxist theory, Weberian theory

(c) Dimensions Social stratification of class, status groups, gender, ethnicity and race. (d) Social mobility- open and closed systems, types of mobility, sources and causes of mobility

6. Works and Economic Life:

(a) Social organization of work in different types of society- slave society, feudal society, industrial /capitalist society

(b) Formal and informal organization of work

(c) Labour and society

7. Politics and Society:

(a) Sociological theories of power

(b) Power elite, bureaucracy, pressure groups, and political parties

(c) Nation, state, citizenship, democracy, civil society, ideology

(d) Protest, agitation, social movements, collective action, revolution

8. Religion and Society:

(a) Sociological theories of religion

(b) Types of religious practices: animism, monism, pluralism, sects, cults

(c) Religion in modern society: religion and science, secularization, religious revivalism, fundamentalism

9. Systems of Kinship:

(a) Family, household, marriage

(b) Types and forms of family

(c) Lineage and descent

(d) Patriarchy and the sexual division of labour

(e) Contemporary trends

10. Social Change in Modern Society:

(a) Sociological theories of social change

(b) Development and dependency

(c) Agents of social change

(d) Education and social change

(e) Science, technology and social change

UPSC Sociology Syllabus 2020 - Paper II Syllabus

A. Introducing Indian Society:

(i) Perspectives on the study of Indian society:

(a) Indology (GS. Ghurye)

(b) Structural functionalism (M N Srinivas)

(c) Marxist sociology (A R Desai)

(ii) Impact of colonial rule on Indian society :

(a) Social background of Indian nationalism

(b) Modernization of Indian tradition

(c) Protests and movements during the colonial period

(d) Social reforms

B. Social Structure:

(i) Rural and Agrarian Social Structure:

(a) The idea of Indian village and village studies

(b) Agrarian social structure - the evolution of land tenure system, land reforms

(ii) Caste System:

(a) Perspectives on the study of caste systems: GS Ghurye, M N Srinivas, Louis Dumont, Andre Beteille

(b) Features of the caste system

(c) Untouchability - forms and perspectives

New call-to-action

(iii) Tribal communities in India:

(a) Definitional problems

(b) Geographical spread

(c) Colonial policies and tribes

(d) Issues of integration and autonomy

(iv) Social Classes in India:

(a) Agrarian class structure

(b) Industrial class structure

(c) Middle classes in India

(v) Systems of Kinship in India:

(a) Lineage and descent in India

(b) Types of kinship systems

(c) Family and marriage in India

(d) Household dimensions of the family

(e) Patriarchy, entitlements and sexual division of labour

(vi) Religion and Society:

(a) Religious communities in India

(b) Problems of religious minorities

C. Social Changes in India:

(i) Visions of Social Change in India:

(a) Idea of development planning and mixed economy

(b) Constitution, law and social change

(c) Education and social change

(ii) Rural and Agrarian transformation in India:

(a) Programs of rural development, Community Development Programme, cooperatives, poverty alleviation schemes

(b) Green revolution and social change

(c) Changing modes of production in Indian agriculture

(d) Problems of rural labour, bondage, migration

(iii) Industrialization and Urbanisation in India:

(a) Evolution of modern industry in India

(b) Growth of urban settlements in India

(c) Working class: structure, growth, class mobilization

(d) Informal sector, child labor

(e) Slums and deprivation in urban areas

(iv) Politics and Society:

(a) Nation, democracy and citizenship

(b) Political parties, pressure groups , social and political elite

(c) Regionalism and decentralization of power

(d) Secularization

(v) Social Movements in Modern India:

(a) Peasants and farmers movements

(b) Women s movement

(c) Backward classes & Dalit movement

(d) Environmental movements

(e) Ethnicity and Identity movements

(vi) Population Dynamics:

(a) Population size, growth, composition and distribution

(b) Components of population growth: birth, death, migration

(c) Population policy and family planning

(d) Emerging issues: ageing, sex ratios, child and infant mortality, reproductive health

(vii) Challenges of Social Transformation:

(a) Crisis of development: displacement, environmental problems and sustain-ability

(b) Poverty, deprivation and inequalities

(c) Violence against women

(d) Caste conflicts

(e) Ethnic conflicts, communalism, religious revivalism

(f) Illiteracy and disparities in education

    Talk to us for

    UPSC preparation support!


Do you want to become an IAS officer like Saumya Sharma?
Study Online at  Neostencil Logo

Your Exam segments is being saved. Please wait....

Select Exam(s) you are interested in

please enter valid OTP