South India

Civil Rebellions and Tribal Uprisings in South India 

  • Revolt of the Raja of Vizianagaram: After the acquisition of the Northern Sarkars in 1765, the East India Company demanded a gift of three lakhs from the Raja apart from ordering him to disband his troops. On Raja's refusal, his estate was annexed. The Raja with the support of his people and his troops rose in revolt and lost his life in a battle in 1794. Finally, the Company offered the estate to the deceased Raja's son and also reduced the demand for presents.
  • Poligar's Revolt: The poligars of Dindigul and Malabar revolted against the evils of the English land revenue system. During 1801-1805 the poligars of the ceded districts and North Arcot revolted against the Company. The poligars continued to rise up against the Company in Madras Presidency in a sporadic manner up to 1856.
  • Diwan Velu Thampi's Revolt: Disgusted with the harsh terms imposed on the State of Travancore under the subsidiary alliance treaty of Lord Wellesley in 1805, the ruler stopped the payment of subsidy to the Company resulting in the accumulation of arrears. The Company had ordered the payment of the subsidy which the Diwan Velu Thampi felt as a high-handed attitude. He raised the banner of revolt with the support of the Nair Battalion. However, the revolt was crushed by the superior British force and order was restored in the area.
  • Rampa Revolt: It was a revolt by the hill tribesmen of Rampa region of Andhra Pradesh in 1879. It was against the depredations of the government-supported mansabdars and the newly imposed forest regulations which restricted their access to the forest lands. The rebellion was suppressed by a large military operation in 1880.
  • Kittur Uprising: On the death of the chief of Kittur in 1824, leaving no male heir, the British refused to recognise his adopted son and assumed the charge of the administration. Chinnamma, the widow of the chief, rose in revolt and declared independence. But she was captured and executed by the British.
  • Kattabomman's Revolt: It occurred in Tirunelveli in Tamil Nadu between 1792 to 1799 with Veerapandya Kattabomman as the leader of the movement. The main cause of the revolt was the attempt by the British to force Kattabomman, the ruler of Panchalakurichi, to accept their suzerainty. He was captured by the British and executed in 1799 and his territory was annexed.
  • Koya's Revolt: Repeated revolts of the Koyas took place in Rampa region of Andhra Pradesh in 1840, 1845, 1858, 1861, 1879-80. The Rampas rose up again during 1922-24 under the leadership of Alluri Sitharamaraju. He was captured and executed by the British in May 1924.

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