Jallianwala Bagh Massacre (April 13,1919)

All about Jallianwala Bagh Incident:

  • On 13 April 1919, the infamous Jallianwalla Bagh incident took place.
  • On that day a crowd of villagers who had come to Amritsar to attend a fair gathered in the enclosed ground of Jallianwalla Bagh. They were also protesting the arrest of Dr Satyapaul and Saifuddin Kitchlew.
  • Being from outside the city, they were unaware of the martial law that had been imposed. Dyer entered the area, blocked the exit points, and opened fire on the crowd, killing hundreds. His object was to create terror in the minds of people.
  • After Jallianwala Bagh incident, people came on streets mostly in north Indian towns. People organised strikes, there were clashes with police and attacked government buildings too.
  • Rabindranath Tagore, in protest, renounced his knighthood.

HUNTER COMMITTEE/COMMISSION, 1920

  • Hunter Committee was set up to examine jaliawala Bagh massacre and violence occurred in different parts of Punjab.
  • On 8th March 1920, the Hunter Committee’s majority reprimanded Brigadier-General Dyer in its final report for his mistaken concept of duty.
  • The report concluded that General Dyer was justified in firing on the mob, though notice should have been given and its duration shortened. This enraged Indians and they termed the commission as ‘Whitewash Commission’.

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