Hindu-Muslim Unity Factor - 1857 Revolt
- In the beginning of colonial rule, Muslims who suffered from loss of power and prestige due to colonization, had kept themselves aloof from the British, on the other hand some members of Hindu community welcomed the British due to their strong aversion to the Muslim rule.
- The Hindus and Muslims were regarded both by the British and the Indians as two separate communities with distinct cultures.
- In general, there was communal harmony in India with a mutual respect for each other's faith and incidents involving communal clashes were very insignificant.
- Before 1857, people from both faiths had started to perceive British rule as a threat to their religion due to missionary activities, rumour of mixing bone dust in the flour and the infamous Enfield rifle. These rumours had, in fact brought them together.