Evaluation of British Policy on Education in India

Evaluation of British Policy on Education in India

The British Indian government took inadequate steps for the development of education in India. Even these measures of the British Indian government was not based on the philanthropic concerns for the betterment of Indians. All the decisions for the expansion of modern education were based on the following concerns of the British Indian government.

  • The demand for the promotion of modern education by educated Indians, Christian missionaries, and the humanitarian officials.
  • The British required the cheap supply of educated manpower in India. This was for the subordinate posts in the administration of Government.
  • The promotion of English language in India was guided by the British interests, as the Britishers felt that education among Indians would help them to promote their market for the British goods.
  • The Western education glorified the image of British, which was thought to help the British to consolidate and strengthen their rule in India.
  • The British Education policies were responsible for the decline of the traditional system of Indian learning. The British made knowledge of English compulsory for government employment in 1844. This further increased the rate of decline of the traditional system of Indian learning.
  • The British neglected mass education which created a cultural and linguistic divide between the common people and the educated few. The British policies made education inaccessible for the poor sections of the society and it became the monopoly of richer classes and the urban population.
  • The British policies did not put much emphasis on women education as the Britishers did not want to create opposition from the orthodox sections of the society. Also, the women education did not had any immediate use for the British rule in India.
  • The British neglected the technical and scientific education which was responsible for the technical and industrial backwardness of India. By 1857, the Britishers had established only three medical colleges in the provinces of Calcutta, Bombay and Madras. Roorkee was the only one Engineering College of good quality in India till 1857. This engineering college was not open for Indians and was only open for the Europeans and Eurasians.

In overall, the British policies were responsible for the underdevelopment of education system in India during the British period.

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