Public Administration Topper Strategy - Arpit Sagar - AIR 378 - Secured 163 marks in Pub Ad Paper 1

Arpit Sagar cleared UPSC Civil Services Exam and secured AIR 378 in UPSC 2014. In this article she has shared her preparation strategy for Public Administration Optional. She secured 163 marks in Paper 1.

Here in this article Arpit Sagar has shared her Public Administation booklist, Answer Writing tips, preparation stategy in detail.

Public Administration Strategy by IAS Topper Arpit Sagar

Hi everybody,

I am Arpit Sagar (Rank-378) and I scored 163 in Public Administration Paper I. So, I am here to discuss my strategy particularly for Paper I.

Let us start with the basic books/notes that I referred during my preparation:

  1. Mohit Bhattacharya
  2. Prasad and Prasad for Administrative thought
  3. Fadia and Fadia (only for some of the topics)
  4. Pawan sir s notes
  5. Vajiram notes
  6. Synopsis of ARC report, Puncchi commission report
  7. The Hindu

Please note that the first thing I did was public administration coaching and later on supplemented it with the above mentioned books. For some of the chapters like financial administration and Management, Pavan Sir snotes were good in bringing about clarity in those topics. I took coaching from Vajiram & Ravi. In this attempt, I read Pavan Sir s notes in particular and revised them. Considering the type of questions being asked in the last few years, the most important thing is to understand the question properly and write the answers in a very simple language.

Tips to improve score in Public Administration Paper I

  1. More focus should be on understanding the topic in a simple manner. There is no point in reading myriad books as it would create unnecessary burden and result in a huge wastage of time. Basic book like Mohit Bhattacharya are good for revision.
  2. Please note that most of the preparation for pub-ad is complete in the first attempt itself. In the successive attempts, you only need to brush-up and revise.
  3. Answer-writing is the most important aspect of the preparation. I joined Pavan sir s test series. Apart from the regular test series, I also wrote some answers from previous year question papers. (I would be discussing separately on the answer writing techniques)
  4. Chapters like Administrative thought, accountability and control and public policy should not be ignored but understood nicely as they are relatable and easy to score.
  5. You should not be too scared about the question paper. In fact you should treat it as any other test you write during your preparation. Too much anxiety creates pressure on you and it affects your performance during the examination. So, be really calm and cool about this so that you can handle all kinds of questions.
  6. Optional is a very important factor in Mains. It should not be ignored at the expense of GS preparation. Like, my marks in GS papers (81+94+79+100) were average but pub-ad score increased the mains tally tremendously.
  7. You should focus on paper 1 and paper 2 of pub-ad equally and prepare every chapter thoroughly. Kindly, do not leave any topic unread.
  8. You should focus more on the concept rather the content.

Also Read: Arpit Sagar - IAS Topper's Talk here

Public Administration Answer Writing Strategy

  1. I wrote my answers in a mixed format i.e. both paragraph form and point format. It should be decided as per the demand of the question.
  2. Answers should be to the point i.e. as per the requirement of the question, do not answer more than what the question is asking.
  3. It is very important to understand the question. So, one should spend enough time in reading and understanding the question properly during the examination.
  4. Another mistake that I have made in my previous attempts was the use of many pub-ad related jargons in my answers. In fact, a very simple language should be used to explain the concept which I strictly followed in all my answers this time.
  5. One should also acquire the ability to express himself/herself in a logical manner.
  6. Also, the kinds of questions being asked these days are very general in nature and cover a wide arena. The best way to handle these questions is with utmost clarity.
  7. Facts, name of thinkers, Articles from the Constitution etc can be used to substantiate your answer provided it is really fitting-in.
  8. You should take a fair stand on issues explaining it with appropriate arguments.
  9. Last but not the least; you should complete your question paper within the stipulated time.

Public Administration Startegy for Beginers

Now let us talk about the people who are at the starting phase of their preparation and are still confused whether to take Public Administration or not, considering the kind of score obtained in Pub-Ad these days. You should decide in accordance with the below mentioned steps:

  1. You should first go through the syllabus of Public Administration and try to read some topics from the basic books. Only if you find it interesting, you should go for it. According to me, no subject is easy or difficult. You have to put-in the same amount of effort in all the optional. The optional that you find interesting keeps you motivated during the preparation. I was initially inclined towards Public Administration as my sister cleared the exam with Pub-Ad as the optional but that is not the right way of choosing your optional. Later on, I found it relatable which made me choose it.
  1. There is nothing to be scared of this optional as it is similar to all the arts based subjects.
  2. Regarding the kind of checking in Pub-Ad. It has really fluctuated in the last few years. I have suffered too in my previous attempts because of the marking pattern. Just take the example of the kind of marks I scored in my previous attempts:

2010 350/600 (171+179)

2011 270/600 (I don t exactly remember the distribution but definitely scored very less in Paper I)

2012 136/600 (55+81)

2013 181/500 (78+120)

2014 278/500 (163+115)

But the same thing happened in other subjects like Psychology (which was my second optional), Geography and Philosophy etc. Therefore, I didn t see any point in changing my optional as it would have required a lot for preparation.

General Tips for UPSC Preparation

  1. Always be as calm and composed as possible while writing your examination.
  2. Do not try to guess questions that can be expected in the exam. It only leads to tension and anxiety.
  3. Believe in yourself and especially your preparation. You only need to write good answers and rest will be taken care of.
  4. You should simply try to write your exam with a clear mindset, coherence and comprehensively.

I hope that the above information would help the candidates in their preparation for Public Administration.

All the best!!

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