Sociology Answer Writing Practice - Week 8 - Question 2
90 Days Sociology Answer Writing Practice Question 2 for 22-Jan-2018
Instructions for Writing Answer1. Write your answers in the comment section.
2. Experts will provide their feedback in reply.
3. Model Answers will be uploaded on this page next day.
4. Rectify your mistakes and progress further.
5. All the Best.
22-Jan-2018 - Question 2
Write a note on Education and equality in India.(2017)
Equality in education means to give equal chance to every individual for the development of his capacity. It is an accepted working policy of all the democratic nations to make provision for equal opportunities. The Constitution of India provides for educational opportunities to all citizens of the country. It also provides that the State shall not discriminate between persons on grounds of their religion, caste, race, sex or place of birth.
The horizontal equality treats all constituents in an equal manner whereas the vertical equality requires special consideration to bring about equality of opportunity. There is a great need for emphasizing the equality of opportunity in education due to the followingreasons:
- It is needed for the establishment of an egalitarian society.
- To remove gender gap and urban-rural gap.
- It is needed because it is through the education to all people in a democracy that the success of the democratic institution is assured.
- The equality of educational opportunities will ensure a rapid advancement of a nation.
- It will help to develop a close link between the manpower needs of a society and the availability of skilled personnel.
But still, there is unequal opportunity granted to women, girl child, tribal s, minorities, LGBT etc in our society. In India, there are some reasons which create inequality of educational opportunities.
- The difference in economic status of home.
- Gender disparities.
- Regional Imbalance.
- Physiological difference.
- The difference in home conditions.
- A disparity between backward and advanced classes.
- Non-availability of adequate opportunities.
- A difference in mental and physical abilities.
However, considerable works in this respect have been done through the programme of expansion of educational facilities at the elementary, secondary and university stages. Constitutional Provisions for Ensuring Equality in Education in Indian Context includes Free and Compulsory Education ( Article 21 A), Education of Minorities (Article 30), Safeguard for Linguistic Minorities: (Article 29 (1)) etc. Further, special focus on education for women, special treatment for S.C., S.T. and Other Backward Communities, Wide distribution of Institutions, Provision of Pre-school education, Provision of scholarship and other facilities etc. are carried out to bring equality in education in India.