Sociology Answer Writing Practice - Week 8 - Question 1
90 Days Sociology Answer Writing Practice Question 1 for 22-Jan-2018
Instructions for Writing Answer1. Write your answers in the comment section.
2. Experts will provide their feedback in reply.
3. Model Answers will be uploaded on this page next day.
4. Rectify your mistakes and progress further.
5. All the Best.
22-Jan-2018 - Question 1
Write a note on the uneven impact of 'Green Revolution' on rural society.(2016)
Of all the developmental programmers introduced during the post-independence period, the green revolution is considered to have been the most successful. As a strategy, it implied the introduction of high yielding varieties, extensive use of farm machinery, energized well-irrigation, use of high doses of fertilizers and pesticides directed at improving farm production. It also produced significant social and political changes in the Indian village and did bring about an agricultural revolution.Uneven impact of 'Green Revolution' on rural society:
- Regional disparity: the Rural society in Green revolution belt became prosperous than other rural areas and hence economic disparity led to various social inequalities.
- More inequality among farmers (Inter-personal inequalities): The new technology requires a huge amount of investment which can be only, afforded by the big farmers. Hence, these farmers are getting the absolute benefits of the green revolution and became comparatively richer than farmers. This increases inequality in rural India
- The Question of Labour Absorption: The uneven regional growth was mainly responsible for the low absorption of labour within agriculture. The growth of output was also slow to generate adequate employment opportunities. The sudden rise in the demand for labour in these areas induced mechanization and labour-saving practices in general.
- Many large farmers have evicted tenants as they now find it more profitable to cultivate land themselves. Thus, a large number of tenants and share-croppers have lost their lands and have been forced to join the ranks of agricultural labourers.
- Increased Male preference in green revolution area affected sex ratio. Male members were expected to handle machinery in an efficient way than women.
- Women lost significance in participating agricultural activities and confined to domestic works.
- Rural-rural migration to green revolution area led to various social problems like the issue of elderly care in the source region, debilitating condition of women and child in source region etc.
- Green revolution belt increased the practice of bonded labour which is still prevalent in these areas.