Sociology Answer Writing Practice - Week 4 - Question 1

90 Days Sociology Answer Writing Practice Question 1 for 25-Dec-2017

Instructions for Writing Answer

1. Write your answers in the comment section.

2. Experts will provide their feedback in reply.

3. Model Answers will be uploaded on this page next day.

4. Rectify your mistakes and progress further.

5. All the Best.

25-Dec-2017 - Question 1

What is the idea of Indian village ? Explain. (2014)
Model Answer

Reference to Indian village is found in many Indian texts since Vedic times, but during British rule, a systematic attempt was made to create the unique image of an Indian village. Charles Metcalf treated Indian Village community as an autonomous sociological isolate. He treated village community as little republic , a self-sufficient community. The idea of colonial administrators about Indian village was of an inner world with communal ownership of land, social harmony, patriarchal in governance and surrounded by hostile other villages. Indian villages were described as closed, isolated system and unchanging entities. The orientalists (Book view) described the Indian village as an Idylic social reality with Varna system of caste hierarchy and complete functional integration between different occupations groups (castes).

 

The stereotypical image of the Indian village as a self-sufficient community was contested by Anthropological studies in the 1950s and 1960s. The findings of these village studies based on extensive fieldwork concluded that the Indian village was never self-sufficient rather it always maintained links with the larger society and centres of Indian civilization. Migration and movement for work and trade, village exogamy, administrative linkages, inter-regional markets, inter-village economic ties, caste networks, fairs, festivals and other activities always served as the bridge with neighbouring villages and the larger society.

 

Scholars like M N Srinivas (Indian Villages), Mackim Mariott (Village India), D N Majumdar (Rural profiles), S C Dube (samirpet) etc carried out field study. M N Srinivas advocated that Indian Villages was always a part of wider entity and maintained social, political, economic ties at the regional level. S C Dube argued that social differentiation was observed in village structure and hence they are not having monolithic structure .

 

Though some feminist like Uma Chakravarty criticized village study for not including gender angle, field view of village study reflected empirical reality in contrast to ideological category propounded by colonial administrators and orientalists.

Note: The model answer is only for your reference and not an ideal answer for the question
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