Sociology Answer Writing Practice - Week 3 - Question 1

90 Days Sociology Answer Writing Practice Question 1 for 18-Dec-2017

Instructions for Writing Answer

1. Write your answers in the comment section.

2. Experts will provide their feedback in reply.

3. Model Answers will be uploaded on this page next day.

4. Rectify your mistakes and progress further.

5. All the Best.

18-Dec-2017 - Question 1

Identify the similarities and differences between Marx s theory of alienation and Durkheim s theory of anomie .(2014)

Model Answer

Sociologist reflects on social realities in different ways using distinctive theories and methods. This is evident from the explanation of social change (product of European modernity) by Emile Durkheim and Karl Marx. Alienation is a feeling of separation or estrangement and Anomie means normlessness or structural inadequacy of existing social institutions. The specialized division of labour and rapid expansion of industrial society i.e, capitalism is the reason behind both alienation and anomie. Both anomie and alienation make people unhappy and both are harmful to the society and its members.Thus, both anomie and alienation are rooted in the economic changes in the industrial society and both concepts are used to explain the social structure of formative capitalism.

 

Differences:

 

AnomieAlienation
The product of rapid social changeProduct of exploitative system of production and exchange in Capitalism.
Not beneficial to anyBeneficial to Bourgeoisie due to exploitative DOL.
Resolved by bringing new norms and values and reintegrating the individual self-interest with the social interestProletariat revolution and overthrowing of bourgeoisie through class-in-itself to class-for-itself is the only solution to end alienation.
Durkheim sought solution within the framework of the societyMarx sought to replace the existing framework with socialism
Note: The model answer is only for your reference and not an ideal answer for the question.
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