Sociology Answer Writing Practice - Week 2 - Question 6

90 Days Sociology Answer Writing Practice Question 2 for 15-Dec-2017

Instructions for Writing Answer

1. Write your answers in the comment section.

2. Experts will provide their feedback in reply.

3. Model Answers will be uploaded on this page next day.

4. Rectify your mistakes and progress further.

5. All the Best.

15-Dec-2017 - Question 2

Write some of the important social reforms in India for the removal of untouchability. (2014)

Model Answer

Untouchability is a form of social practice characterized by following attributes:
  • Exclusion-Forced inclusion.
  • Humiliation-subordination.
  • Exploitation.
Important social reforms for removal of untouchability are:
  1. SNDP movement: It pertains to the Ezhavas of Kerala who were untouchables. The Ezhavas were a caste of toddy-tappers in Kerala. They were like the Nadars of Tamil Nadu and the Idigas of Karnataka. The ideology of the movement was formulated by Sri Narayana Guru Swami. He formed a programme of action known as the SNDP Yogam . The Yogam took up several issues, including the right of admission to public schools, temples, recruitment to government employment, entry into temples, on roads and political representation.
  2. Arya Samaj: Swami Dayananda Saraswati, the founder of the Arya Samaj, was one of the makers of modern India. With an indigenous orientation, he wanted to bring a new social, religious, economic and political order in India. Taking inspiration from Veda, he criticized evil practices like idolatry, caste system, untouchability etc. as prevailed in the then Indian society.
  3. Self-Respect Movement and Dravidar Kazhagam: Periyar vowed to completely eradicate untouchability and to establish a united society based on brother/sisterhood. The Dravidar Kazhagam vehemently fought for the abolition of untouchability amongst the Dalits.
  4. Ambedkar and untouchability: He believed that untouchability is rooted in caste system has its roots in Hinduism. He advocated for the complete annihilation of the caste system. He organized Jat Pat Todak Mandal and burnt copies of Manusmriti. He advocated mass conversion to Buddhism which was egalitarian in nature.
  5. Mahatma Gandhi and Untouchability: He advocated that untouchability is an aberration of the caste system. He proposed inter-caste -dining, inter-caste marriage for removal of untouchability.

Constitution of independent India declared the practice of untouchability as illegal and enshrined this in Fundamental rights under article 17.

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