Sociology Answer Writing Practice - Week 11 - Question 6
90 Days Sociology Answer Writing Practice Question 2 for 16-Feb-2018
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16-Feb-2018 - Question 2
Define social movement. Elucidate the role of reformist movements in social change.(2013)
A social movement is defined as a collectively acting with some continuity to promote or resist a change in the society or group of which it is a part. A social movement is a form of dynamic pluralistic behaviour that progressively develops a structure through time and aims at partial or complete modification of the social order.
A reform movement is a type of social movement that aims to make a gradual change, or change in certain aspects of society, rather than rapid or fundamental changes. It seeks limited, though still significant, changes in some aspect of a nation s political, economic, or social systems. Following are some examples of the reform movement which brought social change in society:
- Abolitionist movement preceding the Civil War in the US: The abolitionist movement was a social and political push for the immediate emancipation of all slaves and the end of racial discrimination and segregation. Advocating for emancipation separated abolitionists from more moderate anti-slavery advocates, who argued for gradual emancipation, and from Free-Soil activists who sought to restrict slavery to existing areas and prevent its spread.
- Women s suffrage movement: The women s suffrage movement (aka woman suffrage) was the struggle for the right of women to vote and run for office and is part of the overall women s rights movement. In the mid-19th century, women in several countries most notably, the U.S. and Britain formed organizations to fight for suffrage.
- The environmental movement fits here because they try to address everyone to help the environment in their lives (like recycling).
- The labour movement grew out of the need to protect the common interest of workers. For those in the industrial sector, organized labour unions fought for better wages, reasonable hours and safer working conditions. The labour movement led efforts to stop child labour, give health benefits and provide aid to workers who were injured or retired.
- The Chartist movement sought universal suffrage. The Chartist movement demanded basic economic reforms, higher wages and better conditions of work.
- Socio-religious movement: The period of the 19th century witnessed many reform movements in India. A few notable movements are Arya Samaj, Prarthana Samaj, Aligarh movement etc. These movements opposed the various forms of exploitation of women carried in the name of social and religious beliefs.