Sociology Answer Writing Practice 2018 - Week 7 - Question 5

90 Days Sociology Answer Writing Practice Question 1 for 28-Dec-2018

Instructions for Writing Answer

1. Write your answers in the comment section.

2. Experts will provide their feedback in reply.

3. Model Answers will be uploaded on this page the next day.

4. Rectify your mistakes and progress further.

5. All the Best.

28-Dec-2018 - Question 1

Discuss the changing interface between state and civil society in post-independent India. (2017) (150 words)

For Question 2 - Click Here

Model Answer

Civil society is a space between state, market and family. It can be structural or behavioural. It involves citizens acting collectively in public sphere to express their interests and ideas and to achieve mutual goals. It is an association of people putting check and balance on the discourses of state.

Indian civil society movement started during colonial era. India got freedom in August 1947 and became a democratic country. However, conditions were not created for democracy. Large number of people were suffering from poverty, hunger and malnourishment. They needed protection from state rather than power to question the state. Govt of India initiated various appeasing policies. Therefore, initially civil society was weak in India.

However, with the passage of time, various social movements were initiated in India. For example- Protests against inflation & price rise, anti-emergency movements etc.  Indian women also came forward and participated in movements such as anti-rape movements, anti-dowry movements etc. India against corruption movement, protests against Nirbhaya case, me too movement etc are the most recent examples.

Reasons for growth of civil society:

i)Developmental failure of govt.

ii)Gradual emergence of civil culture.

iii)Advent of information age.

iv)The rise of the notion of people-centric governance.

v)Globalisation and rise of international NGO movement.


In contemporary times, civil society has become relatively strong. Such a scenario is instrumental in converting class politics into mass politics and command politics into demand politics.

Note: There is no template for a correct UPSC answer, the model answer is only for your reference

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