Sociology Answer Writing Practice 2018 - Week 3 - Question 6

90 Days Sociology Answer Writing Practice Question 2 for 30-Nov-2018

Instructions for Writing Answer

1. Write your answers in the comment section.


2. Experts will provide their feedback in reply.

3. Model Answers will be uploaded on this page the next day.

4. Rectify your mistakes and progress further.

5. All the Best.

30-Nov-2018 - Question 2

How is social equilibrium maintained in Parsonian framework?(2015)(250 words)

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Model Answer

In Parson’s theory, the idea of system is important. His theory of ‘social system’ is based on concept of ‘Social Action’

           There are certain functions without which a social system cannot sustain, these are called ‘functional prerequisites’ These are:

1.      Adaptation

2.      Goal attainment

3.      Integration

4.      Latency


Social systems have self adjustive and self-maintenance qualities. The functional prerequisites deal with various processes external or internal to the system. The interaction can be instrumental or consummatory.

1 Adaptation: It implies generation and acquisition of resource from outside the system. Example : economic system

2 Goal attainment: It involves determination of goals and motivation of the members to achieve the goals and motivating the members to achieve the goal. Example: Political System

3 Integration: It helps to maintain solidarity and coordination in the system. Example: This function is mainly performed by culture and values.

4 Latency : It involves pattern maintenance and tension management within the system. Example: Role of family

In this manner, these sub-systems are interdependent and thus, tend towards equilibrium. However, this does not mean that there would not be any change.

Parsons was the first functionalist to talk about social change with his idea of ‘moving equilibrium’. When there is change in one sub-system, subsequent changes take place in other sub-systems as well. As a result, the social system moves towards new equilibrium system. That’s how social equilibrium is maintained in Parsonian framework.

Note: There is no template for a correct UPSC answer, the model answer is only for your reference


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