Sociology Answer Writing Practice 2018 - Week 11 - Question 6

90 Days Sociology Answer Writing Practice Question 2 for 25-Jan-2019

Instructions for Writing Answer

1. Write your answers in the comment section.

2. Experts will provide their feedback in reply.

3. Model Answers will be uploaded on this page the next day.

4. Rectify your mistakes and progress further.

5. All the Best.

25-Jan-2019 - Question 2

"Education helps in perpetuating social and economic inequalities."Critically examine the statement.(2015)(250 words)

For Question 1 - Click Here

Model Answer

Education is an important mechanism engaged in transmission of societal culture from one generation to other and also cherishing new values demanded by the social situation and thereby contributing for social equilibrium and social change.

Theoretically all societies advocate equality of opportunity for education irrespective of the caste, creed, sex or class of the individual. However, the extent to which this is put into practice differs in reality. The new economic policy in terms of the process of globalisation, liberalization and privatisation has added to the reproduction of social, economic and educational inequalities and disadvantages rather than equality of opportunity.  Moreover, ruling class tends to control education as an ideological state apparatus. It transmits ruling class ideology and justifies as well as legitimises the capitalist system. Such a situation leads to further perpetuation of inequalities.

However, functionalists and liberal scholars do not agree with this. Liberal perspective considers education as an instrument which develops personality of an individual and inculcates physical, emotional, mental and social talent. They state that education could be a solution to reduce inequality in society. Educated people are well aware of their rights and would be in better position to exercise them. By getting proper education, people can rise from working class to middle class and may be to upper class also. For this to happen, there has to be availability, affordability and accessibility of quality education amongst every section of society. The role of State is crucial to ensure this. Moreover, education should not only remain confined to bookish knowledge. Emphasis should also be on imparting skills to the people so that they can get suitable employment opportunities in the job market.

Note: There is no template for a correct UPSC answer, the model answer is only for your reference

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