Sociology Answer Writing Practice 2018 - Week 11 - Question 5

90 Days Sociology Answer Writing Practice Question 1 for 25-Jan-2019

Instructions for Writing Answer

1. Write your answers in the comment section.

2. Experts will provide their feedback in reply.

3. Model Answers will be uploaded on this page the next day.

4. Rectify your mistakes and progress further.

5. All the Best.

25-Jan-2019 - Question 1

Examine the social dimensions of displacement induced by development.(2013)(150 words)

For Question 2 - Click Here

Model Answer

Our present development process is the one which looks at environment and poor people as drag on the development process. According to Amartya Sen, we must see development as the process to increase freedom of human beings.

Tribals and people in rural areas are the ones who are most affected by displacement induced by development. Various development projects which induce displacement are dams, roads, industries, mining etc. The problem is not only displacement but also the failure of rehabilitating them. A study by Walter Fernandes shows that only 18% of tribal people were rehabilitated. Out of total displaced people, around 50% are tribals. In many cases, they got the land on paper but not in practice because of local dominance of higher castes.

The life of tribal people is intrinsically linked with environment and forests. Once they are displaced, these people lose their natural setting of rivers, forests and are devoid of minor forest produce. Instead they are pushed into informal sector where they feel totally alienated. Similar is the case with poor people.

This is not an inclusive development and would lead to further conflicts in future. Environment protection itself is a way to increase human freedom. Integrating this in the developmental process would make it people friendly and all inclusive in nature.

Note: There is no template for a correct UPSC answer, the model answer is only for your reference

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