Science and Technology for UPSC
Indian Science and Tech
Science and Technology have been the major drivers of economic development globally. India understood it very early in its development approach that a mighty nation cannot be built without a strong foundation in science and technology. Early on after the independence, India laid the foundation of great institutions such as CSIR, IITs, Space Institutes and promoted a strong policy-driven approach to in science and technology to keep the economy moving forward.
India decided to go to space when the Indian National Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR) was set up by the Government of India in 1962. With the visionary Dr Vikram Sarabhai at its helm. ISRO Superceded INCOSPAR in 1969. The visionary Vikram Sarabhai provided the initial thrust and leadership to utilize space research to solve the problem of the common man.
This is how India's space research started and today ISRO is the sixth largest space agencies in the world.
Topics covered under Space Technology
|ISRO and its Evolution|
|Launch Vehicle technology and Indian Launch Vehicles|
|Important Satellite Orbits|
|Remote Sensing Technology, Remote Sensing Satellites and its Applications|
|Important Indian Satellites|
|Indian Space Stations|
|Global Positioning System (Galileo, GLONASS, IRNSS, GAGAN)|
Information and Technology
Information and Technology have changed the world as never before. It has enhanced the human ability to communicate more efficiently and easily. The developments in IT has been profound for the Indian economy with India becoming the IT BackOffice for the world economy. The field of IT is ever developing and new research is going to change the face of global business and society in a fundamental way.
Biotechnology is an interdisciplinary domain which uses the understanding of the biological process, organisms, cell or cellular component to solve some of the pressing issues of humanity. The Research in Biotechnology has the potential to provides breakthrough products and technologies to combat debilitating and rare diseases, reduce our environmental footprint, feed the hungry, use less and cleaner energy, and have safer, cleaner and more efficient industrial manufacturing processes.
Nuclear technology harnesses the energy stored in the nucleus of atoms. This tremendous source of energy was first used to generate electric power in the 1950's and science then nuclear technology has advanced to become one of the major sources of power in the world. India started research in nuclear technology soon after independence and gain sufficient maturity to apply the indigenous technology to start a nuclear power plant in India. Currently, Nuclear power in India is the fourth-largest source of electricity after thermal, hydroelectric, and renewable sources of electricity.
Electronics and Telecommunication
Electronics and communication technology has revolutionised the world of computing and computing devices. Constant research in the field has made it possible to access computing technology by billions of people. Smartphone has changed the way people interact and do business. Further research in 3 D technology, Animation, Artificial Intelligence is going to be the key driver of the economy and society in the coming decades.
|Topics covered under Electronics and Telecommunication|
|3D-Technology and Animation|
|Telecommunication - Mobile generations, Smartphone, Important concepts|
|Government Initiatives for Development of Electronic Industry in India|
|National Electronics Policy 2011|
Nanotechnology is the application of science, Technology and engineering at the nanoscale. The field of nanotechnology is new but quite promising. Using nanotechnology we modify the material property in a fundamental which can then be used to solve some of the pressing issues in society. Nanotechnology is going to rule the field of scientific research in the 21st century encompassing almost all the areas of scientific research. It can provide solutions to deadly diseases, increase food production, computing capabilities, energy production and many unfathomable areas.
Topics covered under NanoTechnology
|Evolution of Nanotechnology|
|Applications of nanotechnology|
|Adverse impact of Nano tech - Health and Environement, Social and ethical|
|Nano-science and nano-technology in India|