Rotterdam Convention

The Rotterdam Convention was adopted in 1998 by a Conference of Plenipotentiaries in Rotterdam, the Netherlands and entered into force from 2004.

Rotterdam Convention

The Convention imposes legally binding obligations upon the member nations for implementing the Prior Informed Consent (PIC) procedure. It expanded the voluntary PIC procedure initiated by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).

The Convention includes pesticides and industrial chemicals which either have been banned or are severely restricted for health or environmental reasons by Parties and which have been notified for inclusion in the PIC procedure by the Parties to the Convention.

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Objectives of Convention

  • To promote cooperative efforts and shared responsibility among the Parties in the international trade of certain hazardous chemicals with the aim of protecting human health and environment from potential harm.
  • To ensure environmentally sound use of those hazardous chemicals, by facilitating information exchange regarding their characteristics, by also providing for a national decision-making process on their export and import and by disseminating these decisions to Parties.

Annex III Chemicals

The chemicals listed in this annexe include pesticides and industrial chemicals which either have been banned or are severely restricted for health and/or environmental reasons by two or more Parties. These chemicals must have been decided by the Conference of the Parties subject to the PIC procedure. At present, there are 43 chemicals listed in Annex III of which 32 are pesticides and 11 industrial chemicals.

One notification from each of the two specified reasons triggers the consideration for the addition of a chemical to the Annex III of the Convention. Certain chemical formulations considered to be severely hazardous, which present a risk under conditions of use in developing countries or those countries with economies in transition may also be proposed for their inclusion in Annex III.

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