Political Science Answer Writing Practice - Week 8 - Question 3

90 Days Political Science Answer Writing Practice Question 1 for 24-Jan-2018

Instructions for Writing Answer

1. Write your answers in the comment section.

2. Experts will provide their feedback in reply.

3. Model Answers will be uploaded on this page next day.

4. Rectify your mistakes and progress further.

5. All the Best.

24-Jan-2018 - Question 1

"Indian policy of non-alignment has been guided by the genius of the Inian people and their interests." Explain. 250 words. 2014

Model Answer

The word non-aligned is used for the foreign policy of those nations which are not aligned to Anglo-American Bloc and Communist bloc and independently frame and follow their foreign policies. According to Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru, Non-Alignment means an attempt by a nation to keep itself aloof from military blocs. It means trying to view the thing as far as possible not from the military point of view though that has to come in sometimes, but we must have an independent viewpoint and must have friendly relations with all countries. The primary of objectives of the non-aligned countries focused on the support of self-determination, national independence and the sovereignty and territorial integrity of States; opposition to apartheid; non-adherence to multilateral military pacts and the independence of non-aligned countries from great power or block influences and rivalries; the struggle against imperialism in all its forms and manifestations; the struggle against colonialism, neocolonialism, racism, foreign occupation and domination; disarmament; non-interference into the internal affairs of States and peaceful coexistence among all nations; rejection of the use or threat of use of force in international relations; the strengthening of the United Nations; the democratization of international relations; socioeconomic development and the restructuring of the international economic system; as well as international cooperation on an equal footing.

The Movement of Non-Aligned Countries could not spare itself difficulties to act effectively in an adverse international political situation marked by hegemonic positions and unipolarity as well as by internal difficulties and conflicts given the heterogeneity of its membership and, thus, its diverse interests. Nevertheless, and in spite of such setbacks, the principles and objectives of non-alignment retain their full validity and force at the present international juncture. The primary condition that led to the emergence of the Movement of Non-Aligned Countries, that is, non-alignment from antagonistic blocks, has not lost its validity with the end of the Cold War. The demise of one of the blocks has not done away with the pressing problems of the world. On the contrary, renewed strategic interests bent on domination grow stronger and, even, acquire new and more dangerous dimensions for underdeveloped countries.

India adopted policy of non-alignment as it was need of the time, it was good for the all-round development of the country, the military alliance could have proven harmful to developing countries, geographical Position of India didn t allow us so many options, it was necessary for the formulation of independent Foreign Policy, India acted as a mediator to many disputes, India had the freedom to manoeuvre. Advantages we had because of NAM were, India has been able to maintain its independence in Policy Making. The policy of Non-Alignment is in accordance with the national interests of India. India has been able to maintain neutral status. India s role in the solution of international Conflicts. India has been able to get the support of both the blocs.

India continues to practice a policy of non-alignment in an attempt to maintain sovereignty and oppose imperialism. Since its inception, the movement attempted to create an independent path in world politics that would not result in lesser states becoming pawns in the struggles between major world powers. Today, India has a working security relationship with the United States. Over the course of history, these two countries have inherently forged a deeper sense for each other s motivations and aspirations while never establishing a formal alliance. India continues to serve as an example of a country that is overcoming the continuum gap and advancing its policies to better fit an emerging world power. India s non-alignment policy has made the free development of the individual as well as the economic and social progress of society and of nations its central focus in its strategic objectives. This strategy combines the goals of peace and economic development within the country with the emancipation of peoples from all forms of subordination and exploitation. As a result, India s non-alignment stance functions as a benchmark for the positive development of international relations on a global scale.

Note: The model answer is only for your reference and not an ideal answer for the question

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