Political Science Answer Writing Practice - Week 3 - Question 1
90 Days Political Science Answer Writing Practice Question 1 for 18-Dec-2017
Instructions for Writing Answer1. Write your answers in the comment section.
2. Experts will provide their feedback in reply.
3. Model Answers will be uploaded on this page next day.
4. Rectify your mistakes and progress further.
5. All the Best.
18-Dec-2017 - Question 1
Explicate the features of deliberative democracy. (250 words)
Democracy is the belief in freedom and equality between people, or system of government based on this belief, in which power flows from the will of people. Deliberative democracy first time given by Joseph Bessette in 1980 when there was the decline in deliberation worldwide.
Deliberative democracy is different from aggregate democracygiven by Bentham because later leads to majoritarianism whereas in former, law and policies emerge out of deliberation on rational dialogue.
Aristotle was of the view that ordinary people deliberating can arrive at better decision rather than expert acting alone. Rosseau told that general will can develop only when people go for active participation. Social liberals like Amartya Sen gave the concept of Public Reasoning where policies are to be made after public debate. Rawls talks about Overlapping consensus.Joshua Cohen has given five features of deliberative democracy
-It is ongoing, independent association of people with expected continuity.
-Deliberation is deciding factor in the creation of laws and institutions.
-Each member respect and recognize each other deliberative capacities
-There is respect for pluralism of values.
-The deliberative process is a source of legitimacy.
Critics argue that advocates of deliberative democracy have failed to connect even their best deliberative efforts to processes of institutional or social change. Deliberative democracy is one of the best ways to check coercive nature of formal authority and accommodate multicultural societies, but one of the main challenges currently is to discover more about the actual conditions under which ideas of deliberative democracy are more or less likely to be realized.