Political Science Answer Writing Practice 2018 - Week 8 - Question 5

90 Days Political Science Answer Writing Practice Question 1 for 04-Jan-2019

Instructions for Writing Answer

1. Write your answers in the comment section.

2. Experts will provide their feedback in reply.

3. Model Answers will be uploaded on this page the next day.

4. Rectify your mistakes and progress further.

5. All the Best.

04-Jan-2019 - Question 1

India’s current foreign policy marks significant qualitative shifts from that of previous regimes.Discuss (2018) - 150 words

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Model Answer

India's current foreign policy is a mix of both qualitative and no qualitative i.e. only quantitative shifts from previous regime. We can see policy  shift in terms of more pro – active engagement. From previous non- alignment to multi – alignment and also lead in global problem solving for eg . international solar alliance ,QUAD revival and talk with Taliban through unofficial way.

Qualitative shift

The shift in India’s current foreign policy from that of previous regime is shift in degrees. Earlier neo realism was  tool i.e. we maintained a distance and maintained equal footing and negotiations with the neighbours and also ,social constructivism in theoretical model. But now, neo liberal model for eg. we are going in unilateral way i.e  we are ready to cooperate with Pakistan even if Pakistan is not ready for that and social constructivism model in practise is. a shift of degree . We can find more particular look on these bodies rather than having earlier model.

Use of hard power and soft power. Starting from yoga day to going to all visits. Our prime minister attempts to soft power through these visits.


No major change in our policies towards US, Africa , central Asia but our policy has been  intensified. More tools are being used. We collaborated with Japan for Asia Africa growth corridor . More help and economic initative has been given . With America hard power relations and defence relations were earlier also. But now, It is more institutionalised for eg 2+2 imitative. Its not qualitative shift but shift of degree for eg LEMOA, CiSMoA. In central Asia, we are exploring  political and economic future of India. Importance of East African states in greater Indian defence strategy.

We always followed inward Indian ocean policy but now we are following outward policy in the Indian Ocean . inward policy is that we have confined to our border to stop any kind of violation. But now its outwards policy For eg Doklam faceoff.  Doklam was not situated in India. We had just referred a treaty with Bhutan and we moved and stopped Chinese troops from entering in India.

More global engagement for eg regarding terrorism , we can see policy shift. India followed policy of inward looking in area of terrorism i.e. when terrorist will come , we will go against them. Now , on one hand we are consolidating our border , we are also going towards policy of hot pursuit , moving surgical strike but at the same  time , at the global level , we are running a campaign against terrorism. India resolution to announce a terrorist as global terrorist and talking about terror financing of terror network of Pakistan is a new phenomena.

Diaspora policy was not that strong but it has become major political tool of India.

Thus we can say that India's current foreign policy has both quantitative and qualitative shifts from previous regime.

Note: There is no template for a correct UPSC answer, the model answer is only for your reference

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