Political Science Answer Writing Practice 2018 - Week 3 - Question 1
90 Days Political Science Answer Writing Practice Question 1 for 26-Nov-2018
Instructions for Writing Answer
1. Write your answers in the comment section.
2. Experts will provide their feedback in reply.
3. Model Answers will be uploaded on this page the next day.
4. Rectify your mistakes and progress further.
5. All the Best.
26-Nov-2018 - Question 1
What do you understand by three generation of human rights? (200 words) - 2018
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Human Rights are the rights inherent to all human beings irrespective of their nationality, ethnicity, gender, religion, language or any other status. These rights are universal, inalienable, interdependent, indivisible, equal and non-discriminatory. The rights are often expressed and guaranteed by domestic laws, international treaties, general principles and other sources of international law. Though the rights were first emphasised in UDHR in 1948, Czech jurist Karel Vesak proposed its division into three generations at the international institute of human rights in 1977.
The first generation of rights focuses on civil-political rights like traditional civil and political liberties, freedom of speech, religion, press etc. It was result of democratic revolutions in Europe and USA at the end of 18th century. These rights are strongly individualistic which presupposes a duty of non-interference of government towards individuals.
The second generation focuses on socio-economic rights like right to work, food, social security etc. These rights came to the fore during fight for economic and social rights at the end of 19th century and beginning of 20th century. These rights require affirmative action on part of the government for their realisation. These are exercised by all people collectively or set of people and is reflected in Mexican constitution, German constitution and USSR constitution.
Third generation of rights are “collective developmental rights” of the people like right to development, right to peace, right to healthy environment etc. These are the most recent inclusion to the set of rights and its realisation is predicted not only upon affirmative and negative actions of the state but also upon behaviour of each individual.
Thus three generation of human rights are very necessary to achieve a life of dignity to every human being.