Political Science Answer Writing Practice 2018 - Week 12 - Question 6

90 Days Political Science Answer Writing Practice Question 2 for 30-Feb-2019

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30-Feb-2019 - Question 2

The Nuclear Non- proliferation treaty has failed to achieve the ultimate objective of Global nuclear Departmeny. Discuss the deficiency in the provisions of NPT. (2017) - 200 words

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Model Answer

Non-proliferation Treaty (NPT) is often referred to as the cornerstone of the global nuclear system and a foundation for the international security environment in which we live. With only four states remaining outside its ambit, the NPT formally retains wide support within the international community. But still, it failed to achieve the ultimate goal of global nuclear department.

Salient Provisions of NPT:

1.No Nuclear Weapon State will transfer its weapons and technology to Non- Nuclear States.

2.Non-Nuclear States will neither develop nor receive Nuclear weapons

3. Development of Nuclear !technology for peaceful purposes as a right

4.1 January 1967 as the cutoff date:

This treaty shall enter into force after its ratification by all nuclear-weapons states signatory to this treaty and by other states signatory to this treaty, after the deposit of their instrument of ratification. 

5. Provision for withdrawal:

Each party shall, in exercising its national sovereignty, have the right to withdraw from the treaty if it decided that extra-ordinary events, related to the subject-matter of this treaty, have jeopardized the supreme interests of its country

NPT stands criticized by several countries, especially by India, on the following grounds:

  1. It was a discriminatory treaty which tried to perpetuate the superior power position of nuclear weapon states vis-a-vis the non-nuclear nations.
  2. It unduly tried to legitimize the power gap between nuclear and non-clear nations.
  3. It did not provide for either disarmament or arms control in international relations.
  4. It failed to check the N-programmes of France and China which, in violation of the Moscow Partial Test Ban Treaty, continued the policy of conducting nuclear tests.
  5. NPT was really a political instrument of nuclear weapon states. It divided the states into nuclear haves and have-not’s.
  6. NPT was a discriminatory and inadequate Treaty
  7. There is a problem with the non-universal status of the NPT and its inability to remain sustainable on the ground.

The future viability of the NPT requires a concerted effort by its membership to honestly address its vulnerabilities and to undertake the reforms that are commensurate with the treaty’s importance for maintaining international peace and security.

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