Political Science Answer Writing Practice 2018 - Week 12 - Question 4

90 Days Political Science Answer Writing Practice Question 2 for 30-Jan-2019

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30-Jan-2019 - Question 2

Do you agree that the growing assertiveness of China is leading to multilayered Indo-Japan relations. comment. (2018) - 200 words

Question 1 - Click Here

Model Answer

The friendship between India and Japan has a long history rooted in spiritual affinity and strong cultural and civilizational ties. India’s earliest documented direct contact with Japan was with the Todaiji Temple in Nara, where the consecration or eye-opening of the towering statue of Lord Buddha was performed by an Indian monk, Bodhisena, in 752 AD.
The modern nation States have carried on the positive legacy of the old association which has been strengthened by shared values of belief in democracy, individual freedom and the rule of law. Over the years, the two countries have built upon these values and created a partnership based on both principle and pragmatism. Today, India is the largest democracy in Asia and Japan the most prosperous

Evidence of Chinese factor in Indo-Japan Relations.

Both the countries have border (land/maritime) issues with China- a common ‘enemy’ for India and Japan.

Border conflicts between India and China have been a long issue and it is evident from the recent dispute over the Doklam plateau in the Himalayas started two-and-one-half months ago. Both the countries have been seen accusing their counterparts of breaching the existing border norms. 

Japan has the similar border issue with China and is one of the perennial sources of friction for two neighbours still harbouring scars from World War II.  Both the countries have the simmering territorial dispute over islands in the East China Sea are known as the Senkakus in Japan and the Diaoyu in China. At present, both the island is administered by Japan but are claimed by China. The conflict has been on rising in the last few years is because of increasing China’s maritime mightiness in the region.

Japan-India Global Strategic Partnership in Indo-Pacific’ dealt with the Japanese and Indian perceptions of the security situation in the Asia Pacific and situated the Indo-Japanese relationship in that context. While Japan’s foreign policy became more assertive as it faced threats from North Korea and a rising China during the nineties, India became an important factor in Japanese foreign policy. Japanese PM Abe’s renewed stress on the importance of India fits into that line of thinking.

The dominance of China in the South China Sea and the Indian Ocean and Pacific Region is the threat to commercial and strategic interests of both the nations. India has already shown its genuine concern over South China Sea and sought to firmly articulate its principled position of freedom of navigation, maritime security, expeditious resolution of the dispute according to international law and the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea, developing a Code of Conduct, and settlement through dialogue and peaceful means. India’s more than 40 percent of total trade volume traverses through the South China Sea, and on account of its interest in harnessing fossil resources in the region.

The issue of Democracy and Human Rights, shared values of democracy binds together. India and Japan are not only natural allies in the Asia-Pacific region but it also sharing common democratic values. India is the largest democracy in the Asia while Japan is the most prosperous.  Both the countries rather confronting choose to function as a vibrant democracy with a social matrix which emphasizes harmony and consensus among its citizens. After the establishment of People’s Republic of China in 1949, the authoritarian rule has been a new normal in the country. Imprisonment of political opponents and journalists common practices can be seen as a part of the Chinese Government agenda. While the press has many restrictions and the religious intolerance also common phenomena in the country.

Thus it can be said that the growing assertiveness of China is leading to multi- layered Indo – Japan relations.

Note: There is no template for a correct UPSC answer, the model answer is only for your reference

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