Political Science Answer Writing Practice 2018 - Week 1 - Question 3

90 Days Political Science Answer Writing Practice Question 1 for 14-Nov-2018

Instructions for Writing Answer

1. Write your answers in the comment section.

 

2. Experts will provide their feedback in reply.

3. Model Answers will be uploaded on this page the next day.

4. Rectify your mistakes and progress further.

5. All the Best.

14-Nov-2018 - Question 1

Comment on following in about 150 words - post modernism (2017)

 

For Question 2 - Click Here

 

Model Answer

According to Nigel Blake post-modernism is an intellectual formation which offers the most radical challenge to a wide variety of settled assumptions concerning society, culture and questions conserving knowledge and truth. It is assult on Rationalistic certainites of Enlighenment.Post-modernism as a theoretical formulation, was originally developed as a reaction to modernism, with its major objective to deconstruct texts to expose the underlying power-knowledge relationship.

Modernism ,the cultural form of modernity, is characterized by foundationalism (i.e., there are certain fundamental principle which can be understood) and universalism (i.e., belief that it is possible to establish objective truths and universal values). By contrast, the central theme of post-modernism is that there is no such thing as certainty and universal values and truths. Although, by its nature, post-modernism does not constitute a unified body of thoughts, its critical attitude to truth-claims stems from the assumption that all knowledge is partial and local. 

According to post-modernism, knowledge is subjective and the basis of knowledge is not observation but experience. Unlike modernism that supports meta-narratives, post-modernism favors local narratives or multiple narratives. Lyotard,Focault,Derrida and Karl Popper are the scholars of this approach

Lyotard popularized post-modernism in his book The post modern condition as ‘an incredibility towards meta-narratives’. By this he meant a skepticism about all creeds and ideas that are based upon universal theories of history which view society as a coherent totality. He talks about disbelief in grand theory.

Focault is influenced by Nietzsche,who is treated as father of post – modernism.According to Nietzsche,the will for truth is never seperable from the will to power.He also held that knowledge is power.So he gave the concept of discourse.According to him,’reality is too complex,that its not possible to identify the structures.’He also held that ‘we don"t discover the truth,rather invent the truth.’

Jacques Derrida, a post-modern thinker, has proposed ‘deconstruction’ as an approach to understand meanings. According to Derrida a particular text can have multiple meanings. It is also not possible that the other person receives exactly what is being communicated. Hence, there can be multiple interpretations of the text. 

However, post-modernist thought has criticized of relativism and conservatism on the ground that a non-foundationalist political science offers no perspective from which the existing order may be criticized. 

 

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