Philosophy Answer Writing Practice - Week 10 - Question 3
90 Days Philosophy Answer Writing Practice Question 1 for 07-Feb-2018
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07-Feb-2018 Question 1
What are the arguments given in favour of immortality of soul ? (2014/10)
The immortality of the soul is an important religious belief which indicates specific attitude towards the life and world of religious persons. The soul is generally regarded as a non-physical, independent and spiritual entity which is eternal and simple in nature.
Arguments in the favour of the immortality of the soul:
As per Plato, the soul is by nature simple and indivisible, therefore it can neither be produced nor destroyed. Plato has also accepted soul as the knower. For him, the soul is the base of knowledge. And knowledge is eternal and universal. Therefore, the base of knowledge that is the soul is also eternal in nature.
Kant has regarded soul as immortal on the basis of postulates of the morality.
There are some instances where children have revealed the memory of previous life which is paranormal arguments for the immortality of the soul.
In another view, the soul is accepted as the form of energy, and from the conservation of law of energy, we can say that soul is immortal. The soul is also accepted as the immortal on the basis of the conservation of the values.
In Indian philosophy, the immortality of the soul has major significance. Many philosophers have accepted it explain the law of karma'. According to Sankhya satkaryavada', the immortality of the soul is explained. It is also written in Gita that soul is the part of God, therefore eternal in nature.
However, such concepts are criticised by the materialistic philosopher Carvaka, who was in view that with the destruction of the body, the soul also destroyed, and this theory is called Dehatmvada'.
As per Buddhism, soul is nothing but the aggregate of five skandhas, which is changeable in nature. As per Hume also, soul or self is nothing but the bundle of different impressions.
In spite of such criticism, the immortality of soul plays important role in the west as well as in the east. And it also plays a vital role to explain the law of karma' and moral life.