Philosophy Answer Writing Practice - Week 10 - Question 1
90 Days Philosophy Answer Writing Practice Question 1 for 05-Feb-2018
Instructions for Writing Answer1. Write your answers in the comment section.
2. Experts will provide their feedback in reply.
3. Model Answers will be uploaded on this page next day.
4. Rectify your mistakes and progress further.
5. All the Best.
05-Feb-2018 Question 1
How do you justify rebirth with or without the soul ? (2014/10)
Rebirth can be defined as taking birth again after death. In the Indian context, rebirth is a most important concept in view of the law of karma and process of rebirth will continue till the individual find liberation.
It is generally believed by different religious philosophies that when the soul falls into bondage then the cycle of death and birth begins. And causes are accepted as action and Kaseya by Jainism and Trishna and avidya by Buddhism.
Rebirth with soul
In this believe, it is accepted that soul is immortal and theory of transmigration of the soul is the basis of rebirth. Plato is believed to accept transmigration of the soul.
Rebirth is accepted in Indian philosophy, where the independent existence of the soul is accepted. In this way, the immortality of the soul is important to explain the law of karma and rebirth. After death, soul only changes body because it is eternal in nature. Rebirth is transmigration of the soul which means soul changes body from one to another.
Rebirth without a soul
According to Buddhism, everything in this world is changeable and soul is not an exception to this either. Therefore, the conception of immortal soul is not accepted here. Though Buddhism has accepted rebirth and law of karma. As per Buddhism, the soul is not eternal and it aggregates of five changeable skandhas. Buddhism has explained continuity of life with the example of the flame of a lamp. There is cause and effect relation between antecedent and subsequent state of life.
In another way, carvaka has altogether rejected the concept of rebirth and according to him, the soul is also destroyed after the death of the body, which gives the concept of dehatmvada.
Hume has also rejected the concept of the permanent and eternal soul.