Philosophy Answer Writing Practice - Week 1 - Question 2
90 Days Philosophy Answer Writing Practice Question 2 for 04-Dec-2017
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04-Dec-2017 - Question 2
Explain Leibnit'z princple of 'identity of indiscernibles'.(2015)
Leibnitz was a rationalist philosopher who believed in the use of the mathematical method to explain the nature of the world. Unlike Spinoza, who sacrificed plurality for the sake of Unity, Leibnitz starts with the Plurality. With the help of his law of individuality, Leibnitz looks upon real as self-containedness. Each part must be the whole and contains the whole in it. This insistence of Leibnitz leads him to believe in Pluralism.
Leibnitz also refutes the idea of atoms as being the fundamental reality of the universe. He claims that the atoms are fundamentally alike and only different in quantity and this can't explain the qualitative difference that we perceive in the world. Besides atoms cant explain consciousness also. Therefore the fundamental reality of Leibnitz is spiritual units called monads which are real, indivisible and self-contained.
Each monad contains the whole of a universe in itself. It is a self-contained unit which is windowless and nothing comes in or goes out of it. It contains within it the possibility of everything which happens to it.
Through the theory of indiscernibles, Leibnitz tries to explain that no two monads are alike. Each and every monad is unique and it is part of the continuous series where every monad leads to the subsequent monad according to the principle of continuity. But how does Leibnitz explain the unity among these plural and multitude of monads? For this Leibnitz uses the principle of Pre-established Harmony where each and every monad is part of the whole as arranged by God in perfect symphony. Since each monad is windowless they can't interact with each other and God provides the order and the arrangement between the monads.
The Leibnitz theory of indiscernibles will make the monad solipsistic as they are windowless and self-contained. These monads are ignorant about the harmony which exist outside of them and it needs god to explain the harmony. While Leibnitz has given the monad as the fundamental reality he hasn't explained the contradiction of monad pre-existing alongside god.While Spinoza sacrificed the plurality for unity, Leibnitz has sacrificed Unity for the sake of plurality.
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