Philosophy Answer Writing Practice 2018 - Week 4 - Question 2

90 Days Philosophy Answer Writing Practice Question 2 for 03-Dec-2018

Instructions for Writing Answer

1. Write your answers in the comment section.

 

2. Experts will provide their feedback in reply.

3. Model Answers will be uploaded on this page the next day.

4. Rectify your mistakes and progress further.

5. All the Best.

03-Dec-2018 - Question 2

Disucss whether a blending of monarchy with democracy is conceivable to avoid their undesirable defects for maing the governance better for citiens and state. (2017)

For Question 1 - Click Here

Model Answer

Absolute Monarchy is a political system where sovereignty is vested in one person, who is succeeded by his family lineage.

Disadvantages:

- Centralized executive control and coercion

- Authority over individual liberty

- Believes in the rule of ruler rather than rule of law

- No accountability or responsibility

- Poor governance efficiency.

- Lack a transparent legal system and infringe citizen’s liberties and rights.

Democracy, as defined by Aristotle is “a state where the freemen and the poor, being in majority, are invested with the power of the state”. Hence, in a democracy, sovereignty is vested in the majority of people who elect representatives through periodic elections.

Disadvantages:

- Tyranny of the majority over minority groups is a constant threat, governments only serve the interests of the larger social group and suppress minority opinion.

- Democracy leads to short-term and populist policies owing to periodic elections, so leaders in a democracy usually do not look beyond next election

- Elite theorists often term Democracy as a myth and it leads to corruption and poor governance.

 

Hence, blending of both could avoid demerits of both, by evolving a concept of Constitutional monarchy as is practiced in Britain, Japan and Jordan, where the hereditary monarch will continue to remain the head of the state as a symbol of unity and stability. While the actual power lies with the democratically elected governments. The King is a mere symbol, whereas the ministers and officials are answerable for their actions, he is not.

Constitutional monarchy: is a state headed by a sovereign who rules according to the constitution. The constitution does not allow the sovereign to govern but it permits the sovereign to perform only a small number of public acts. Thus it is a limited monarchy and when the constitutional goals are democratic and welfare-state natured, it leads to the blending of monarchy and democracy. 

So, in a constitutional monarchy, a dignified monarch reigns but does not rule.

e.g., Magna Carta marks the real beginning of constitutional monarchy which required the sovereign to rule according to law.

 

In this way, constitutional monarchy simultaneously overcomes the arbitrary will of the sovereign as is in a monarchy and also the arbitrary wills of the individuals of the society as is in a democracy.

 

 

Note: There is no template for a correct UPSC answer, the model answer is only for your reference

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