Philosophy Answer Writing Practice 2018 - Week 1 - Question 6

90 Days Philosophy Answer Writing Practice Question 2 for 16-Nov-2018

Instructions for Writing Answer

1. Write your answers in the comment section.


2. Experts will provide their feedback in reply.

3. Model Answers will be uploaded on this page the next day.

4. Rectify your mistakes and progress further.

5. All the Best.

16-Nov-2018 - Question 2

Does Plato's 'Theory of form' explain the 'change' and 'sensibility' of matter? Give reasons for your answer(2016)

For Question 1 - Click Here

Model Answer

The fundamental question metaphysics tries to answer is – “What is the ultimate reality of the universe and life?”. Plato proposes Theory ideas or forms, that says ideas to be the ultimate realities of the universe and life. He says they are separate from the concrete things and beings of the world which exist in space and time. These ideas are superior to particulars in degree of reality and value. They are archetypes or models of things. All other things are copies of these ideas, they are shadows of ideas.


Whereas, early modern thinkers like Democritus, are of the view that the mechanical impact of atoms on one another causes change.


Plato propounds that Ideas have a hierarchy from lowest to highest ideas. The idea of good is the highest idea. With this he moves on to explain the change, where he says, things and beings of the world always desire to strive for the idea of good and this causes change.


Whereas Early Modern thinkers generally understand nature as a single uniform fabric (“matter”) governed by universal laws of motion such that individuals are not metaphysically autonomous, but are only changing manifestations of that unchanging reality, Plato recognizes a metaphysical irreducibility to individuals, which they understand to be defined each by a substantial form and to be each a unique source of motion in its own right. To posit a “form” or “species” of a natural being is to recognize a defining reality to that being that is not exhausted by its immediate bodily conditions, and to recognize the meaningfulness of its changing states: for example, growth – the process of coming into being and passing away – is not arbitrary change, but is a motion towards completion, a motion towards an already defined goal (the idea of good).


Note: There is no template for a correct UPSC answer, the model answer is only for your reference


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