NASA ARTEMIS Mission

NASA ARTEMIS Mission - NASA wants to send the first woman and the next man to the Moon by the year 2024 through its Artemis lunar exploration program.

Also read, Current Affairs Analysis

About NASA ARTEMIS Mission

  • ARTEMIS stands for Acceleration, Reconnection, Turbulence, and Electrodynamics of the Moon’s Interaction with the Sun.
  • NASA’s ARTEMIS mission, which began in 2011, is an ongoing crewed spaceflight program with the goal of landing “the first woman and the next man” on the moon, specifically at lunar South Pole region by 2024.
  • NASA is working with its international partners European Space Agency (ESA), Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) and the Canadian Space Agency (CSA) for this program.
  • With this, NASA wishes to demonstrate new innovative technologies, capabilities and business approaches that will ultimately be needed for the future exploration of Mars.
  • NASA’s new rocket called the Space Launch System (SLS) will send astronauts aboard the Orion spacecraft from Earth to the lunar orbit.
  • Once astronauts dock Orion at the Gateway — which is a small spaceship in orbit around the moon — the astronauts will be able to live and work around the Moon.
  • Further, astronauts will take expeditions to the surface of the Moon from the spaceship.
  • Indian-American, Raja Chari, is also among the 11 NASA graduates who are all set to be a part of its ambitious future missions to International Space Station (ISS), Moon and Mars.
  • NASA has targeted the human exploration of Mars by the 2030s.

Background

  • On July 20, 1969, Neil Armstrong became the first human to step on the Moon as part of the US’s Apollo 11 mission.
  • While climbing down the ladder towards the surface of the Moon he famously proclaimed, “That’s one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind.”

Significance

  • The main purpose of this mission is space exploration.
  • NASA wants to send astronauts to the Moon again to demonstrate American leadership in space.
  • NASA wants to establish a strategic (or sustainable) presence on the Moon, while laying the foundation for private companies to build a lunar economy and eventually sending humans to Mars.

Lunar explorations so far

  • Apart from the US, the European Space Agency (ESA), Japan, China, and India have sent missions to explore the Moon.
  • China’s Chang’e-4 Project, which is a part of Chinese Lunar Exploration Program, achieved the first soft landing on the far side of the moon on 3rd Jan 2019.
ISRO recently announced Chandrayaan-3−India’s third lunar mission−which will comprise a lander and a rover, following Chandrayaan-2 where a snag in the communication led to the subsequent failure of soft landing attempt after a successful orbital insertion.

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