Law Answer Writing Practice 2018 - Week 7 - Question 1

90 Days Law Answer Writing Practice Question 1 for 24-Dec-2018

Instructions for Writing Answer

1. Write your answers in the comment section.

2. Experts will provide their feedback in reply.

3. Model Answers will be uploaded on this page the next day.

4. Rectify your mistakes and progress further.

5. All the Best.

24-Dec-2018 - Question 1

Explain the rights and duties of coastal states over continental shelf, exclusive economic zone and high seas as defined under the provisions of UN Convention of Law of Sea (III) – 2013 (10 Marks)

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Model Answer

UNCLOS entered into force in 1994. It provides certain rights and obligations to coastal states and allows them to establish various maritime zones, such as continental shelf, exclusive economic zone (EEZ) and High seas.
Continental Shelf
Coastal states have sovereign rights over the continental shelf to explore and exploit its natural resources, including “mineral and other non-living resources of the seabed and subsoil together with living organisms belonging to sedentary species.” Coastal states also have the “exclusive right to authorize and regulate drilling on the continental shelf for all purposes.”
The high seas
UNCLOS provides that the high seas are “open to all states” and that all states can exercise freedom of, among others, navigation, over-flight, construction of artificial islands, and other installations, fishing, and scientific research.
Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ)
As part of these the rights and surprise are for the coastal states which can engage in the following activities, among others:
• determine the allowable catch of the living resources in its EEZ and ensuring, through proper conservation and management measures, that the maintenance of the living resources in the EEZ is not endangered by over-exploitation.
• promote the objective of optimum utilization of these living resources.
In engaging in these activities, the coastal state must give due regard to the rights and duties of other states too.

Note: There is no template for a correct UPSC answer, the model answer is only for your reference

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