Indian Art and Culture for UPSC exam
The art and culture section has got more importance to the changes made by UPSC in 2011. Every year roughly 5 to 8 questions are asked from this section. In Mains GS Paper 1, 10 to 25 marks are asked from the Art and Culture section.
Here in this article, we will provide an overview of the subject and also provide some inputs and materials for UPSC art and culture preparation.
UPSC Art and Culture - An Overview
UPSC Civil Services syllabus covers a wide range of subjects and topics that every aspirant is expected to know. That is very important as the selected civil services aspirants will go on to become IAS and other civil services officers who take important decisions affecting the country. So a wide knowledge of the Indian heritage, art and culture are required as well.
Art and culture play a significant role in the overall development of a country. It is surely important in a culture rich country like India, with the world s largest collections of songs, music, dance, theatre, folk traditions, performing arts, rites and rituals, paintings and writings. So UPSC expects Civil Services aspirants to have a broad understanding of Indian art and cultural heritage.
Art and Culture Syllabus
The syllabus of Indian art and culture is undoubtedly vast but with an intelligent approach, you can easily cover it comprehensively.
Indian art and culture are included in the syllabus of civil services prelims (Paper 1) as well as mains (GS Paper 1). The syllabus for both of these papers can be consolidated so that you can approach it in a planned manner.
Topics to be covered in Art and Culture Section for UPSC
1. Indian Architecture and Sculpture
2. Indian Painting
3. Indian Dance forms and Theatre
Refer to our detailed material on Indian Dance and Theatre for UPSC Preparation.
4. Indian Music
5. Indian Literature
India has a rich history of literary materials with different types of literature like Vedic literature, Jain and Buddhist literature, Sangam literature, Upanishads, Puranas, nationalist literature, etc. Refer to our detailed material on Indian Literature for UPSC preparation.
Importance of Art & Culture in Civil Services
The importance of art and culture has increased considerably in recent years, which can be analyzed from the number of art and culture questions appearing in prelims and mains.
By analyzing the trend, you can expect around 5 to 7 questions of Art & Culture in the Civil Services Exam 2018. That s 10-14 marks, so it cannot be ignored.
By analyzing the trend of questions asked in UPSC Mains, you can notice that the average marks share of Art & Culture in Mains is around 25 marks. Therefore Art & Culture is of high importance in Mains as well.
Sources to study Art & Culture
- Class 11th NCERTs - An introduction to India Art, Living crafts traditions of India
- Class 12th NCERT - Craft Tradition of India
- Old NCERTs of Ancient & Medieval India (culture related chapters)
- NIOS Study Material
- CCRT website (ccrtindia.gov.in)
- Art and Culture by Nitin Singhania
- The Hindu - Friday Review