History Answer Writing Practice - Week 12 - Question 4
90 Days History Answer Writing Practice Question 2 for 21-Feb-2018
Instructions for Writing Answer1. Write your answers in the comment section.
2. Experts will provide their feedback in reply.
3. Model Answers will be uploaded to this page next day.
4. Rectify your mistakes and progress further.
5. All the Best.
21-Feb-2018 - Question 2
The Korean War as much an international conflict as it was internal. Comment. (10 marks, 150 words)
Certainly, many nations were involved in the Korean war, and in that sense, it was a very international war. However, it should be remembered that Korea had been divided arbitrarily by the USA and USSR after world war II. The 38th parallel was made up a boundary with no historical precedent, and so, in essence, the North Korean attack might be considered part of an internal, civil war to unify a single country that shared the same culture and language and had historically been united.
The division was only made to jointly organise Japanese surrender and withdrawal in 1945. The Americans didn't intend for permanent settlement and agreed to UN-supervised elections for the whole country, believing that since their zone contained two-third of the population, the communist north would be outvoted. Elections were held in the American controlled territory and Syngman-Rhee was appointed as the president. In the north, Russians set up a communist govt under Kim II Sung.
In 1949, Russians and Americans troops were withdrawn, leaving a potentially dangerous situation. Most Koreans bitterly resented the artificial division forced on their country by outsiders, but both rulers claimed the right to rule the whole country and were threatening to invade one another. Without warning, the North Koreans troops invaded South Korea in June 1950. With more than 6 lakh Korean soldiers deployed and an estimated 2 million civilian death in total, the conflict was very much Korean in blood.
Even though it started as a totally internal conflict, the American president Truman was convinced that the attack was Russia's tool and therefore, decided to increase the level of US engagement. First, he sent American troops and then with approval from UN involved troops from other countries as well (UK, Australia, Canada, France etc). Even as USSR boycotted the UN session, forgoing the possibility to exercise the veto, the UN classified the attack by North Korea as the breach of peace rather than a far worse act of aggression. With UN forces overtaking whole of the peninsula, China was threatened and it sent for a counter-offensive force of 3 lakh volunteers. USSR provided assistance in form of arms, aid and covert air support. As a result, an internal war now escalated to a full-scale international conflict.