History Answer Writing Practice 2018 - Week 7 - Question 5
90 Days History Answer Writing Practice Question 1 for 28-Dec-2018
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28-Dec-2018 - Question 1
Discuss the advancement made in Textile Technology under the Delhi Sultans. (2018) (10 Marks, 150 words)
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During the Sultanate period India witnessed technological development in various aspects of life mainly due to cultural infusion. The major advancements made in textile technology during the Sultanate period are the following:
Though India had an ancient history of wild and domesticated silks, the practice of sericulture was started during the time of Bengal Sultanate and within two centuries Bengal became one of the great silk exporting regions of the world.
The spinning wheel was a Chinese invention but introduced in India through Central Asia and Iran in the mid-fourteenth century.
Treadle loom was also introduced in the same period. Spinning wheel along with the treadle loom revolutionized the textile production in India.
The cloth-printing, through ancient clay blocks, was in practice but its first textual reference found in 14th century when words chhipa (cloth printer)and chhapa (to stamp) which firmly attests the presence of block printing.
The art of textile printing become more widespread and by 16th century ‘chintz’ (chhint) has become a major variety of Indian textile.
The cloth was continued to be used as writing material during the Sultanate period even after the introduction of paper in India.
The technological advancements introduced in the textile during the Sultanate period increased the textile production significantly and India become the leading producer and exporter of cotton and silk textiles.