History Answer Writing Practice 2018 - Week 6 - Question 2
90 Days History Answer Writing Practice Question 2 for 17-Dec-2018
Instructions for Writing Answer
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3. Model Answers will be uploaded on this page the next day.
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17-Dec-2018 - Question 2
Could dyarchy (1919) satisfy the national sentiments of the Indians? (2018) (10 Marks, 150 words)
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Indian nationalists had supported the British government in world war 1 after they had assured a more representative form of government after the end of war. In 1917 Montague-Chelmsford reforms were announced and these reforms were implemented through Government of India Act, 1919. One of the most important provision of the act was introduction of diarchy in the provinces. The introduction of the diarchy failed to satisfy the aspirations of the nationalists due to following reasons.
The British government had promised a self government for Indian people but it was not fulfilled by the GoI act of 1919. The act had proposed dual control of government at the province level. Some of the subjects were reserved for the governor who exercise these through executive council. Some of the state subjects were to be exercised by an elected government. The decisions of the elected ministers could be overruled by the governor. There were certain provisions which require previous assent of the governor general. Also governor general had authority to interfere in any of the provincial subjects.
The form of government introduced by the act was not similar to one for which Indian nationalists dreamt about. The Indian representation in the government was nominal and they were under control of British. The main demand i.e. control over defence, foreign affairs and communication was denied completely. Indian nationalists felt that they were deceived by government and struggle against British rule was resumed which most profoundly took the form of mass agitation.
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