History Answer Writing Practice 2018 - Week 3 - Question 1
90 Days History Answer Writing Practice Question 1 for 26-Nov-2018
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26-Nov-2018 - Question 1
Discuss the experimentations with art and architecture during Gupta-Vakatak period. (2018)
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The time period of 3rd to 6th century AD was the period of Gupta and Vakataks. Guptas mainly ruled in northern part of India and created one of largest empire of Indian history, while Vakataks ruled from the Deccan after the decline of Satavahanas. The art of this period was largely influenced by religion.
Temple architecture: During the Guptan period that Hindu temples began to be made of stone, both temples that were rock-cut caves as well as temples built from stone blocks. The temples were usually built from brick and erected over a raised platform. The temples of these periods generally contained garbhagriha, mandapa, antarala and flat roofs containing shikhara. The most of the temples made in this period are dedicated to Lord Vishnu. Dashavatar temple of Deogarh, Vishnu temple of Tigwa, Nachna Kuthar temple and Krishna temple of Bhitargaon.
Cave architecture: The Cave art of this period was mainly influenced by Brahmanism and Buddhism. The best example of Brahmanical cave of this period is Udaigiri. The rock-cut caves of Ajanta and Bagh were also constructed during this period which depicts the Buddha and events related to his life. The caves of Ajanta built in this period was constructed by vakataks. The early caves of Ajanta were simple and devoid of any anthropogenic representation of Buddha. the later caves have the more elaborate pillars and capitals of the Gupta-Vakataka period, the more developed chaitya window type and sculptural embellishment, with the uddesika stupa in the chaitya, clearly showing the Master in human form on the side walls.
The Gupta-Vakataka period had also witnessed the construction of numerous, stupas, chaityas and viharas. The famous Damekh stupa of Sarnath was also constructed during this period.
Sculpture art: the sculpture art of Gupta-Vakatak period was also influenced by religion. The sculptures of this period show originality and picturesqueness. Mathura, Sarnath, and Pataliputra were the important center of sculpture arts. Gods and goddesses were depicted in human form. A bronze sculpture of Buddha made in Gupta period is found from Sultanganj. The main feature of Buddha images of this period was curly hair, decorated halo and diverse use of postures.
Paintings: Paintings witnessed a remarkable progress during Gupta-Vakatak period. The use of colours and lines, the depiction of emotions and themes were undertaken effectively. The paintings of Ajanta caves indicates the prosperity of higher class whereas paintings of Bagh show temporal life
The remarkable progress had been witnessed in other fields of arts also like, music, dance, drama etc. This is the reason behind calling this period as the golden age of Indian history.