History Answer Writing Practice 2018 - Week 11 - Question 1

90 Days History Answer Writing Practice Question 1 for 21-Jan-2019

Instructions for Writing Answer

1. Write your answers in the comment section.

2. Experts will provide their feedback in reply.

3. Model Answers will be uploaded on this page the next day.

4. Rectify your mistakes and progress further.

5. All the Best.

21-Jan-2019 - Question 1

"Mughal paintings reflect social harmony in contemporary society." Discuss. (2017) (15 marks, 250 words)

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Model Answer

Mughal painting is a style of Indian painting flourished in India during the Mughal rule of medieval India. Humayun brought two painters from the Persia Abdus Samad and Mir Sayid Ali. The amalgamation of Indian painting style with Persian style led to the development of a new style.

Mughal painting was essentially a type of miniature painting.

Akbar established a separate department for painting and build tasveer khana and artists were hired on salary where they develop their own style. He invited all those artists to tasveer khana who had worked with Indian rulers which brought Indian influence in the painting.

The major feature of painting during Akbar’s period was the use of three-dimensional figure and the use of foreshortening. The use of calligraphy in paintings was encouraged. The focus was given on the representation of the court life.

In the time of Jehangir theme of the paintings were more focussed on flora and fauna. Portrait painting was introduced during his reign.

The painters recruited for the royal paintings were Muslims as well as Hindus, especially from lower castes. Daswant and Basawan during Akbar’s time and Masoor during Jahangir’s time were famous painters.

The themes of paintings were religious as well as secular. Painters illustrated the famous Hindu texts like Mahabharata, Panchatantra, Hitopadesha etc.  

During Akbar’s time, European painting was introduced by Portuguese priests and under their influence, the principles of foreshortening were introduced.

We can say that a sharp observation reveals that Mughal painting may have Persian origin but it accommodated the Indian styles and European styles. The social base of painters was large which indicates the merit system. The themes of paintings were also not limited to the ruling religion and we can say that Mughal painting indicates the social harmony prevailing in the society.

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