# Geography Answer Writing Practice - Week 8 - Question 5

### 90 Days Geography Answer Writing Practice Question 1 for 26-Jan-2018

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4. Rectify your mistakes and progress further.

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#### 26-Jan-2018 - Question 1

##### Mention various methods of functional classification of towns in India and explain the method applied by Asok Mitra. 2017 (250)

According to R.E Dickinson Functions are the driving force of city life, and influence to a very large extent its growth and morphology. It is the function of the town, rather than its size, which provides some basis of comparision.

There are three classes of method used to classify towns on the basis of function they perform.

1. Emperical or Qualitative methods: These are the initial methods of classifying towns on the basis of their function. Example, The method used by M. Aurousseau.

2. Emperical-cum-statistical method: It is a semi quantitative method and symbolizes a transition phase between the earlier empirical and later quantitive method. Example the method used by Chancy D Harris.

3. Pure statistical or quantitative Method: These are solely based on the statistical analysis of the town and cities. Example, the method used by L.L Pownall.

Ashok Mitra, was The Registrar General of the Census of India, he attempted a comprehensive classification of all Indian Cities.

Following the classification of Harris, he divided the city function into nine groups.

The groups are :

I Cultivation

II Agriculture Labour

III Mining, Fishing, Forestry and Livestock

IV Household Industry

V Manufacturing

VI Construction

VIII Transportation & Communication

IX Services

He ignored the first two groups as they are related to villages and grouped the seven industrial categories of workers into three broad groups:

(a) Manufacturing Town where (III+IV+V+VI) (VII + VIII) or IX).

(b) Trade and Transport Town if (VII + VIII) IX or (III+IV+V+VI).

(c) Service Town if (IX) (III + IV+V+VI) or (VII + VIII).

In 1971 Ashok Mitra presented a triangular graph to classify the Indian town on a functional basis. The degree of specialization in each of the three basic groups (a, b, and c) was identified by a triangular method on a graph. The three sides of an equilateral triangle represent three groups by 100 values, the values of all the three groups are then plotted, and a point for each town within the triangle s perpendiculars was located.

• The point within the first circle shows highly diversified functions
• The points between first and second circle are moderately diversified
• The points between second and third represent specialized predominant function
• The points outside the outer (third) circle show highly specialized predominant function.

Based on this classification he classified 2462 towns/cities of India. According to his findings 83 were mining and plantation town, 496 were household industry towns, 374 were manufacturing town, 24 were construction towns, 244 were trade and commerce town, 78 were transport town and 1163 were service town.

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