Geography Answer Writing Practice - Week 6 - Question 5

90 Days Geography Answer Writing Practice Question 1 for 12-Jan-2018

Instructions for Writing Answer

1. Write your answers in the comment section.

2. Experts will provide their feedback in reply.

3. Model Answers will be uploaded on this page next day.

4. Rectify your mistakes and progress further.

5. All the Best.

12-Jan-2018 - Question 1

Explain the role of Hill Transport Subsidy Scheme in reducing regional imbalances in areas identified by the Government of India. 2017 (150)

Model Answer

Hill transport subsidy scheme is meant for the states/UTs which are predominantly hilly and has poor transport infrastructure with respect to road and railways.

The scheme was planned to reimburse to state governments the cost to distribute food grains to the PDS so that the end consumer of the food grain does not have to bear the burden of high cost due to transport bottlenecks.

In States/UTs. the Food Corporation of India (FCI) is required to open godowns at Principal Distribution Centres (PDCs) wherever possible or reimburse the State Governments/UTs the cost of transportation of food grains, on the actual basis, for the lifting of food grains from base depots of FCI to the designated PDCs.

In predominantly hilly States with difficult and inaccessible terrain moving grains by road to the interior is heavy and such cost gets added to the Central Issue Price of the food grains delivered to such States. If sufficient relief is not provided the end retail price of food grains may become out of reach for the beneficiaries dependent on PDS.

So the HTS scheme was launched by the central government to provide relief to the people of hilly states/UT and safeguard the Nutrition and food security of the people in these states.

Role of the scheme to remove regional Imbalance:

Direct Impact

Food Security: The scheme keeps the cost of food grains within the reach of marginalized and poor people and thereby helps to maintain their health and wellbeing.

Indirect Impact:

Labour Productivity: The health and well being of people helps in better labour productivity

Reducinganti-national sentiments: Most of the areas served by HTS have the international border. The lack of food and nutritional security can easily be used to fan anti-national sentiments.

The saving due to subsidy allows state government to spend in Education, health and infrastructure development of the state.

Thus the scheme has played an important role in mitigating the regional imbalances in hilly areas with respect to their counterparts in Plains.

Note: The model answer is only for your reference and not an ideal answer for the question.
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