Geography Answer Writing Practice - Week 6 - Question 1
90 Days Geography Answer Writing Practice Question 1 for 08-Jan-2018
Instructions for Writing Answer1. Write your answers in the comment section.
2. Experts will provide their feedback in reply.
3. Model Answers will be uploaded on this page next day.
4. Rectify your mistakes and progress further.
5. All the Best.
08-Jan-2018 - Question 1
Analyze the location, distributional pattern and problems of cotton textile industries in India. 2016 (250)
India is one of the dominant players in cotton production in the global economy. India produces some of the finest quality of cotton which has demand world over. Even the hot and humid climate of the country provides a huge domestic market for the cotton textile.
Cotton is a pure raw material so there is not much gain in weight in the processing of raw material to finished product. So the localization of cotton textile industry depends on other factors such as availability of Raw cotton, Transport facility, Cheap labour but the most important factor is the presence of a big market.
Most of the important hubs of cotton textile such as Mumbai, Gujarat have all these advantages and this lead to the development of the industry in these regions.
The cotton Textile industry is mainly concentrated in five major states. These are Maharashtra, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal and Tamilnadu. Maharashtra enjoys the domination with 40% of production and Gujarat in the second position with 33 % of production. Both these states have early advantages in cotton textile along with the availability of Capital, cheap labour, Raw material, market and Infrastructure.
With time cotton industry has diversified to many Indian states due to the large domestic market, improvement of transport facility, cheap labour and electricity. The important areas where the industry diversified are Coimbatore, Madurai, Nagpur, Indore etc.
Problems of Cotton Textile Industry
The scarcity of raw material: The production of raw cotton has not been able to fulfil the demand of cotton industries and so the demand is met by import.
Obsolete Machinery: Most of the cotton mills in India have machinery 20 -25 years old which causes low productivity and inferior product. In the advanced country, the machinery is replaced in 10 15 years. Also, the level of automation is quite low when compared to global average.
Low productivity of labour: On an average, a labour in India handles 2 looms whereas a labour handles 30 looms in Japan and 60 in USA.
Stiff competition: the Cotton textile industry is facing stiff competition from power looms, handloom sector and synthetic factors.
In recent time, the government is taking proactive measures with various incentives to address the challenges in the cotton textile industry and has started schemes like Amended Technology Upgradation fund scheme, Export Promotion Schemes available for Textile Sector Firms in India, PowerTex India etc.