Geography Answer Writing Practice - Week 10 - Question 2

90 Days Geography Answer Writing Practice Question 2 for 05-Feb-2018

Instructions for Writing Answer

1. Write your answers in the comment section.

2. Experts will provide their feedback in reply.

3. Model Answers will be uploaded on this page next day.

4. Rectify your mistakes and progress further.

5. All the Best.

05-Feb-2018 - Question 2

Examine the causes of regional disparities in economic development in India. 2016 (200)

Model Answer

The regional disparities in economic development can be observed from the per capita income of the states in India. On the one hand, we have states like Maharashtra with per capita income of 15lakh and state like Sikkim with per capita income of 13000.
Causes of regional disparities in the economic development of India.
Historical Factors: During the colonial period, cities like Bombay, Madras and Calcutta were developed by the British India government as these places had favourable conditions suitable for trade. These initial favourable conditions lead to the development of an entrepreneurial ecosystem which has continued to make these places the topmost economic destination in India.
Geographical Factor: The hilly and mountainous areas are difficult to develop as the creation of infrastructure is difficult for fast-paced economic growth and also it will affect the pristine environment of these areas. The states like Uttrakhand, Himachal Pradesh and North East are less developed precisely because of these conditions.
Locational Advantages: Some of the states in Plains have fertile lands for agriculture and some have mineral resources like Iron Ore, Coal. These factors contribute to the economic development of the areas. Cities like Jamshedpur, Dhanbad have developed because of their mineral richness. States like Punjab, Haryana developed utilizing their favourable agricultural conditions.
Institutional Support: Institutional Factors plays a dominant role in shaping the development of an area as the resources are mobilized in these areas to develop the area. Planning Commission used this mechanism to develop places like Rourkela, Bhilai, by establishing Iron and steel industries. Green revolution leads to economic development of Punjab and Haryana though similar physical conditions were available throughout the Gangetic India.
Political Factors: The political stability of a region is the foremost requirement for its development. After independence, the eastern regions have continued to face political problems due to the rise of Naxalism and the secessionist forces in the North Eastern States. This has lead to slow development of the region.
Human Factor: A skilled manpower is an important requirement for the economic development of the region. The states in South India like Kerela, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu have a better skilled human resource as compared to the Northern states of UP, Bihar etc. This has resulted in development disparities between these states.
Thus Development is a multifaceted challenge and it can only be solved by a multipronged approach. A common development model is not suitable for all the states and so the states need to be made proactive partner in the planning and development process. The establishment of NITI AYOG seems a reasonable step in the current paradigm which can help bridge the development gaps in the country.
Note: The model answer is only for your reference and not an ideal answer for the question.

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