Geography Answer Writing Practice - Week 10 - Question 1

90 Days Geography Answer Writing Practice Question 1 for 05-Feb-2018

Instructions for Writing Answer

1. Write your answers in the comment section.

2. Experts will provide their feedback in reply.

3. Model Answers will be uploaded on this page next day.

4. Rectify your mistakes and progress further.

5. All the Best.

05-Feb-2018 - Question 1

Describe the major tribal regions of India and their problems. 2016 (200)

Model Answer

Tribal peoples constitute 8.6 percent of India s total population, about 104 million people according to the 2011 census. This is the largest population of the tribal people in the world.

The tribal regions of India are:

  • The tribes in the western Himalayan region residing in the states of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, and Uttrakhand.
  • The Tribes in the North Eastern states of India Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram and Nagaland. The states like Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Mizoram, and Nagaland have 90 percent of the population as tribal whereas in the remaining northeast states of Assam, Manipur, Sikkim, and Tripura, tribal peoples form between 20 and 30 percent of the population.
  • Another concentration lives in the hilly areas of central India (Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, and, to a lesser extent, Andhra Pradesh). The tribes also from a major portion of the population of the states of Jharkhand, West Bengal.
  • A smaller number of the tribal population reside in the western and the southern states of India and the union territories of Lakshadweep and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

The tribal population in India is facing various problems in spite of the protection provided in the constitution and various policies of the government.

Problems of tribal population in India

Loss of control over Natural Resources: The Tribal population predominantly depends on the forest and its resources for their survival but the policies of British during the colonial period and the continued policies after Independence has restricted the rights of Tribes on the use of natural resources of the forest which has pushed them towards poverty and malnutrition.

A threat to their Culture and ways of Life: There has been a continuous encroachment of the areas previously inhabited by the Tribal population. Their interaction with the outside world and their culture has resulted in the loss of their culture and the new generation is slowly adapting to the new culture which may lead to complete extinction of their culture.

Displacement and Rehabilitation: Many development projects like Dams, Mines has lead to the displacement of Tribes from their native place and rehabilitation in a new place this completely changed their way of life, lead to their alienation and insecurities about their culture.

Lack of education: The government has not been able to make a sustainable effort to educate them and build their skills to take up alternative jobs and feel proud of their cultural practices.

Health and Nutrition: The medical facilities in the tribal areas are inadequate or non-existent due to the remote places in which they live. This has lead to many health and nutrition issues due to ignorance and continuous lack of health facilities.

The successive governments have understood the problems and have tried to address the issues. The schedule 6 has provided special provision to the administration of these areas and to involve the tribe in the administration process. The PESA act allowed the administration of local area by the tribal people. Various plants like Tribal Action Plans, Forest Right Act etc has been designed to address the issues of tribal population of India.

Note: The model answer is only for your reference and not an ideal answer for the question.
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