Geography Answer Writing Practice 2018 - Week 6 - Question 6

90 Days Geography Answer Writing Practice Question 2 for 21-Dec-2018

Instructions for Writing Answer

1. Write your answers in the comment section.


2. Experts will provide their feedback in reply.

3. Model Answers will be uploaded on this page the next day.

4. Rectify your mistakes and progress further.

5. All the Best.

21-Dec-2018 - Question 2

Critically examine the feasibility of development of a comprehensive network of airways in India. 200 words (2017)

For Question 3 - Click Here

Model Answer

Indian aviation industry is the third largest in the world and the fastest growing. Seeing this buoyancy, the feasibility of development of a comprehensive network of airways can be ascertained:

The strengths include:


  • Large, growing middle class population with rising incomes that can afford to travel on air routes.
  • Fastest growing large economy which makes it essential for agents of economic change to travel between cities quickly and reliably.
  • Loss in competitiveness of railway fares making air travel far more attractive than certain sections of railway coaches.
  • Increasing tourist inflow from abroad as well as increased movement of domestic tourists.
  • Focus on regional connectivity by the Government to ensure that good infrastructure is present even in the remote corners of the nation so that there is ease of movement for all e.g. development of Pakyong airport in Sikkim.
  • Utilisation of not only airplanes but helicopters for connectivity especially in hilly states.
  • Favourable government investment policy with attractive FDI policy as well as UDAN scheme that provides for viability gap funding for regional routes to make them sustainable.


However, there are significant challenges to its implementation:

  1. Majority of Indian population still cannot afford basic airfares and hence cannot take the luxury of air travel.
  2. The financial health of certain airlines, including the national carrier, has often put the aviation sector under stress. This needs to be rectified.
  3. Increase in fuel prices (Aviation turbine fuel) with the change in crude oil prices has adverse affects on the functionality of the airlines.
  4. There are certain routes that may become unviable after the Viability gap funding is withdrawn under UDAN and it will be a challenge to make them sustainable.
  5. Acquisition of land for greenfield projects is a challenge due to competing nature of several land use plans.


Thus, though there is a positive indication for the development of a robust and comprehensive aviation network, there are several challenges that need to be addressed before it can be achieved. The National Civil Aviation Policy, 2016 and Open Sky Policy with SAARC are a step in this direction and they need to be implemented completely for its benefits to show.

Note: There is no template for a correct UPSC answer, the model answer is only for your reference

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