Geography Answer Writing Practice 2018 - Week 6 - Question 2
90 Days Geography Answer Writing Practice Question 2 for 17-Dec-2018
Instructions for Writing Answer
1. Write your answers in the comment section.
2. Experts will provide their feedback in reply.
3. Model Answers will be uploaded on this page the next day.
4. Rectify your mistakes and progress further.
5. All the Best.
17-Dec-2018 - Question 2
Evaluate the contribution of Communication and Information Technology to the development of economy and society, and examine the relevance of the recently launched ‘Digital India’ programme. 200 words (2015)
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Information and communication technology (ICT) has spurred development in the country ever since its introduction. Its contribution to the economy and society can be seen as under:
- Growth of IT/ITes sector: This sector forms a major component of the service sector industry and contributes significantly to the exports as well as domestic GDP.
- Generation of employment: Not only in the ICT sector but in all the industries for which the ICT is the backbone. It has led to design of new university courses centered around the ICT industry.
- Gender equality: Gender disparities have reduced as the IT sector has more than 30% Labour Force participation rate for women as compared to the national average across sectors of 27%.
- Better governance: The setup of common service centres (CSCs) and digitized PDS systems has led to prompt and correct delivery of government services to the far flung regions of the country and reduced red tape.
- Enhanced ease of doing business: As application processes and registrations have gone online, the time for companies to get clearances has reduced significantly.
- Entrepreneurship: The growth of ICT has led to a ‘startup’ boom in the country and India today has the third largest startup ecosystem in the world.
However, it was observed that the benefits of the ICT sector were not reaching everyone due to lack of availability (digital penetration), affordability and illiteracy. Also, several processes had not been designed for use digitally hampering their output. To remedy this, Digital India was launched. It has nine pillars:
- Broadband Highways
- Universal Access to Mobile Connectivity
- Public Internet Access Programme
- e-Governance: Reforming Government through Technology
- e-Kranti - Electronic Delivery of Services
- Information for All
- Electronics Manufacturing
- IT for Jobs
- Early Harvest Programmes
These will help ensure:
- High speed digital access to all even in remote regions of the country.
- Digital literacy enhancement through programmes such as PMGDISHA (PM Gramin Digital Saksharta Abhiyan)
- Affordable access via public hotspots in public places
- Government process reengineering (GPR) to ensure better suitability for the digital platform.
- Vernacular access so that no one is denied access due to lack of learning in a particular language.
- Creation of more job opportunities as well as infrastructure for more industries especially in the service and manufacturing sectors.
Digital India forms the backbone for the growth of India in the 21st century. It is critical for ensuring inclusive growth as well as attaining India’s goal of becoming a superpower and achieving its commitments under the sustainable development goals.