Daily Current Affairs - February 05, 2020 (The Hindu, PIB, Fact Pedia)

February 05, 2020 - Find all the important news articles and editorials from The Hindu, PIB, Fact Pedia on our Daily Current Affairs Feed.

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The Hindu – Hyderabad Edition

  1. 7 in 100 anganwadi beneficiaries in cities
  • Essence of the article: High ambitions without any Support & adequate infrastructure facilities will hinder the essence of that aim.
  • Where does it fall under UPSC Syllabus?
  • Prelims: Governance
  • Mains: GS2: Governance
  • Synopsis:
  • According to Right to Information (RTI) query, for every 100 anganwadi beneficiaries in the country, only seven are in urban areas.
  • Out of 7.95 crore beneficiaries of the anganwadi scheme, only 55 lakhs registered at urban anganwadis.
  • Anganwadis:
  • A type of child and mother care centre in India.
  • They were set up as a part of the Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) Scheme to provide 6 services offered by the scheme

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  • About Integrated Child Development Scheme:
  • Implementing Agency: Ministry of Women and Child Development
  • Objectives:
  • Improvement in the health and nutritional status of children aged 0–6 years and pregnant and lactating mothers.
  • Reduction in the incidence of their mortality and school drop out
  • Psychological, physical and social development of the child.
  • Enhancement of maternal education
  • Who is the focal point to provide services? Anganwadi worker in the community
  • Services offered by the scheme:
  • Supplementary Nutrition
  • Pre-school non-formal education
  • Nutrition & health education
  • Immunization
  • Health check-up and Referral services
  • Target beneficiaries
  • Children 0–6 years of age
  • Pregnant and lactating mothers
  • Women between 15–44 year of age
  • Adolescent girls up to the age of 18 years for non-formal education and training on health and nutrition

 

  1. Maharashtra tops list of States hit by global medical data leak
  • Essence of the article: Confidentiality is based on ethical and moral relations
  • Where does it fall under UPSC Syllabus?
  • Prelims: current events of national and international importance
  • Mains: GS3: Internal Security
  • Synopsis:
  • According to a Global Report on Medical Data peak, medical details of over 120 million Indian patients leaked and made freely available on the Internet.
  • Findings of the report:
  • India ranks second in the ugly category after USA
  • Among States, Maharashtra reported the maximum medical data leaks followed by Karnataka and West Bengal.
  • Why is it a matter of concern?
  • The leak is worrying because the affected patients can include anyone from the common working man to politicians and celebrities.
  • In image-driven fields like politics or entertainment, knowledge about certain diseases faced by people from these fields can have a huge blow on their image.
  • Fake identities created using the details, can be misused in any possible number of ways.
  • About Medical Data Peak Report:
  • Published by Greenbone Sustainable Resilience, a German cybersecurity firm.
  • The report classifies countries in the good, bad and ugly categories based on the action taken by the governments after the first report was made public.

 

  1. Surat’s diamond trade hit by coronavirus, holiday in Hong Kong
  • Essence of the article: Impact of health on economy is huge
  • Where does it fall under UPSC Syllabus?
  • Prelims: Economy
  • Mains: GS3: Economy
  • Synopsis:
  • The outbreak of coronavirus in China adversely affected Surat’s diamond industry
  • Why is it a matter of concern?
  • It is being assessed by industrialists the export of diamonds will decline
  • This is because, Surat imports rough gems from Hong Kong and exports polished diamonds to Hong Kong and thereon to China.
  • 37-38% of the diamonds exported to Hong Kong from India are from Surat, and the jewellery made from polished diamonds is also exported to Hong Kong from Surat.
  • Now Coronavirus in china, can lead to losses in several hundred crores of rupees.

 

  1. A case of a maritime presence adrift(editorial)
  • Essence: The efforts of international agencies to reduce the impacts of climate change must be adopted by the nations.
  • Where does it fall under UPSC Syllabus?
  • Prelims: Current events of national and international importance
  • Mains: GS 2: International relations
  • Synopsis:
  • Recently the International Maritime Organization (IMO), the United Nations agency tasked with regulating shipping, brought in IMO 2020.
  • IMO 2020
  • New regulations of International Maritime Organization
  • Objective: To reduce Sulphur oxides (SOx)
  • Regulations:
  • Bans ships from using fuels with sulphur content above 0.5 per cent, compared with 3.5 per cent previously from 1st January,2020.
  • Only ships fitted with sulphur-cleaning devices, known as scrubbers, are allowed to continue burning high-sulphur fuel.
  • Ships can opt for cleaner fuels, such as marine gas oil (MGO) and very low-sulphur fuel oil (VLSFO).
  • About Sox:
  • Source: Formed after combustion in engines
  • Impacts: Respiratory symptoms, lung diseases, and also leads to acid rain.
  • VLSFO contributes to highly polluting black carbon emissions.
  • Experts view point on this:
  • They fear that the new very-low-sulphur fuel will be incompatible with the engines and other vessel equipment or not.
  • Other environment-related regulations by IMO:
  • Global Shipping Carbon Emissions: An ambitious project to decarbonize shipping in order to reduce carbon emissions.
  • About IMO:
  • A specialized agency of the United Nations.
  • It currently has 174 Member States.
  • Significance: It regulates 90% of shipping by volume and 80% of global trade that happens through shipping.
  • It is responsible for measures to improve the safety and security of international shipping and to prevent pollution from ships.
  • It is also involved in legal matters, including liability and compensation issues and the facilitation of international maritime traffic.

 

Press Information Bureau (PIB)

  1. FM Announces Setting up of Investment Clearance Cell to Provide “End-To-End” Facilitation and Support to Youth
  • Which part of UPSC syllabus covers this:
  • Prelims: Economy
  • Mains: GS3: Economy
  • Synopsis:
  • The Finance Minister proposed setting up of 'Investment Clearance Cell' for young entrepreneurs.
  • About Investment Clearance Cell:
  • It is a pan-India single-window clearance system for entrepreneurs.
  • It will be setup by the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT).
  • Functions:
  • It gives investors free investment advisory, land banks and facilitate clearances even at state level.
  • It will bring all central government related procedures and clearances in a single online form.

 

  1. National Population Policy
  • Which part of UPSC syllabus covers this:
  • Prelims: Human Geography
  • Mains: GS1: Geography & GS2: Polity
  • Synopsis:
  • Minister of State (Health and Family Welfare) informed Rajya Sabha about the outcomes of National Population Policy,2000.
  • Outcomes:
  • Total Fertility Rate (TFR):
  • TFR = number of children born to a woman until the end of her child-bearing age.
  • It declined from 2.9 in 2005 to 2.2 in 2017.
  • 25 out of 37 States/UTs have already achieved replacement level fertility of 2.1 or less.
  • Decadal growth rate:
  • DGR = An overview of the percentage of total population growth in a particular decade.
  • It declined from 21.54% in 1999-2000 to 17.64 % during 2001-11.
  • Teenage birth rate:
  • TBR = It is the births per 1,000 females ages 15 to 19.
  • It declined from 23.8 to 20.2 from 2005 to 2017.
  • Crude Birth Rate (CBR):
  • CBR = The number of live births occurring during the year per 1,000 population estimated at midyear.
  • It declined from 23.8 to 20.2 from 2005 to 2017.
  • National Population Policy:
  • Objectives:
  • To bring the Total fertility rate (TFR) to replacement levels by 2010 through vigorous implementation of inter-sectoral operational strategies.
  • To achieve a stable population by 2045 at a level consistent with the requirements of sustainable economic growth, social development and environmental protection.

 

  • Reports/Indices/Resolutions
  1. Global Go To Think Tank Index (GGTTI)
  • Published by: Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program (TTCSP) at the University of Pennsylvania, US.
  • About GGTTI:
  • It evaluates public-policy research analysis and engagement organizations that generate policy-oriented research, analysis, and advice on domestic and international issues.
  • It enables policy makers and the public to make informed decisions on public policy.
  • Findings of the Index:
  • Top: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace of US
  • India: Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) was placed at 16th position among 176 Global Think Tanks.

 

  1. World Cancer Report
  • Published by: WHO and International Agency for Research on Cancer
  • Findings of the report:
  • New cancer cases worldwide might reach between 29 and 37 million cases by 2040.
  • Cancer cases will increase by 81% by 2040 in low- and middle-income countries due to insufficient resources for prevention
  • India:
  • In 2018, there are 1.16 million new cancer cases, 784,800 cancer deaths, and 2.26 million 5-year prevalent cases
  • Most common Cancer types in India: Breast cancer, oral cancer, cervical cancer, lung cancer, stomach cancer, and colorectal cancer.
  • Recommendations of the report:
  • Controlling tobacco use (responsible for 25% of cancer deaths),
  • Vaccinating against hepatitis B to prevent liver cancer,
  • Eliminating cervical cancer by vaccinating against HPV,
  • Screening and treatment,
  • Implementing high-impact cancer management interventions that bring value for money
  • Ensuring access to palliative care including pain relief.

 

FactPedia

  1. Purified Terephthalic Acid (PTA)
  • Why it is news: government was abolishing an anti-dumping duty on imports of Purified Terephthalic Acid (PTA)
  • About PTA:
  • It is a chemical used to make various products, including polyester fabrics.
  • 70-80% of a polyester product like polyester staple fiber and spun yarn contains this chemical
  • Anti-Dumping Duty: It is a protectionist tariff that a domestic government imposes on foreign imports if they are priced below fair market value.
  • Who imposes it in India: Directorate General of Trade Remedies (DGTR)

 

Art & Culture

  1. Udyanotsav
  • It is an annual gardening festival of the Mughal Gardens of Rashtrapati Bhavan.
  • The Rashtrapati Bhavan is the official residence of the President of India located in New Delhi, India.
  • Mughal Gardens:
  • Built by the Mughals in the Persian style of architecture.
  • Style: Charbagh
  • Charbagh Style:
  • It is a Persian Style Garden layout
  • Here the main building is put at the centre of a quadrilateral Garden divided by walkways or flowing water into four different directions.
  • It is found in countries throughout Western and South Asia, including Iran and India.
  1. Thiruvalluvar
  • He is a Tamil poet and philosopher
  • Well-known works: Thirukkuṛaḷ
  • Thirukkural is a collection of couplets on ethics, political and economic matters and love.

 

TERM Bank

  1. Reverse Osmosis
  • It occurs when water moves through a semi-permeable membrane in the direction opposite to that for natural osmosis.
  • This happens when the water is pushed under greater pressure than the osmotic pressure

 

  • Prelims Practice Questions

 

  1. Consider the following statements:

In the past decade:

  1. The total fertility rate increased
  2. The teenage birth rate declined

Select the correct answer using the code below:

  • 1 only
  • 2 only
  • Both 1 and 2
  • Neither 1 nor 2

 

  1. Recently IMO 2020 is in news, it is related to:
  • Reducing carbon emissions
  • Reducing NOx emissions
  • Reducing sulphur content in fuel
  • Increasing sulphur content in fuel

 

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