Anthropology Answer Writing Practice - Week 8 - Question 1
90 Days Anthropology Answer Writing Practice Question 1 for 22-Jan-2018
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22-Jan-2018 - Question 1
Discuss the distinctive features of tribes in North east India. (2011)(250 words)
North-East tribes constitute a major part of Indian tribal community. They are all scattered over all the states of North East. Arunachal Pradesh consists of around 25 types of tribes. Nagaland has around more than 16 major tribes. Some examples of prominent tribes are Garo, Khasi, Jaintia, Adi, Nyishi, Angami, Bhutia, Kuki, Rengma, Bodo andDeori. They are scattered throughout the region. Christian-ism is followed by many of the tribes and some also follow Hinduism and Buddhism. The rest still have their indigenous beliefs and practise animism.
The Bodo Tribe is a vast tribe and shares a good number of populations in Assam. The tribal people have also migrated to other parts of India as well as to neighbouring countries. It s said that Bodo tribes have introduced rice cultivation, tea plantation, poultry farming, and silkworm rearing in the North Eastern parts of India.
Kuki Tribe or the migrant ones can be found all over the northeastern states. The language of the tribe varies but are all similar in a way, and can broadly be termed as the Kuki Language. They prefer to live on hilltops. The villages of Kuki tribes are a cluster of closely constructed houses. The tribe cultivates dwarf cotton and spun yarns.
Nyishi or Nishi Tribe has originated from the Indo-Mongoloid stock. They are mainly inhabited in the lower region of the Subansiri district in Arunachal Pradesh. They are considered a large tribe according to the area and population in Arunachal Pradesh. Their spoken language is different from the other tribes, which is a part of the Tibeto-Burman language family.
One of the major tribal communities of Nagaland is the Angami Tribe. This community is also found in Manipur and has a total population of 12 million. The tribal community follows Christianity and speaks Tenyidie. They cultivate rice and grains in the hilly areas.
Bhutia Tribe is the prominent tribal community of Sikkim and have migrated from Tibet. The residing places for the tribes are the Lachen and Lachung areas of North Sikkim. They speak Bhutia (a dialect of Tibetan language). They are counted among the most developed tribes and earn their livelihood through agriculture, government jobs and local business.
Garo Tribe is the second largest tribal community of Meghalaya. They constitute 1/3rd of the total state population and mainly reside in the Garo hills of Meghalaya, some districts of Assam and West Bengal. Their traditional religion was Songserak and later was changed to Christianity. These tribes speak the Garo language. This language is further divided into different sub-languages.
Khasi Tribe is one of the major tribal communities and occupies almost half of the total population of Meghalaya. They reside in the Khasi and Jaintia hills of Meghalaya and follow the matriarchal society. Their language is known as Mon-Khmer which belongs to the Austro-Asiatic Family.