Anthropology Answer Writing Practice - Week 6 - Question 6

90 Days Anthropology Answer Writing Practice Question 2 for 12-Jan-2018

Instructions for Writing Answer

1. Write your answers in the comment section.

2. Experts will provide their feedback in reply.

3. Model Answers will be uploaded on this page next day.

4. Rectify your mistakes and progress further.

5. All the Best.

12-Jan-2018 - Question 2

List Constitiutional Safeguards realted to religious and linguistic minorities (150words)(10 marks)

Model Answer

The Constitution of India does not define the word Minority and only refers to Minorities which are based on religion or language

Common Domain and Separate Domain of rights of minorities provided in the Constitution

  • Common domain rights are those which are applicable to all the citizens of our country.
  • Separate domain rights are those which are applicable to the minorities only and these are reserved to protect their identity.
  • The Preamble to the Constitution declares the State to be Secular and this is a special relevance for the Religious Minorities.
  • Equally relevant for them, especially, is the declaration of the Constitution in its Preamble that all citizens of India are to be secured liberty of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship and equality of status and of opportunity .
Common Domain of Minority Rights
  1. The Directive Principles of State Policy Part IV of the Constitution:
  • Obligation of the State to endeavour to eliminate inequalities in status, facilities and opportunities amongst individuals and groups of people residing in different areas or engaged in different vocations. Article 38 (2).
  • Obligation of State to promote with special care the educational and economic interests of the weaker sections of the people (besides Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes). Article 46.
  1. Fundamental Duties Part IVA of the Constitution:
  • Citizens duty to promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India transcending religious, linguistic and regional or sectional diversities; and
  • Citizens duty to value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture.
  1. Fundamental Rights Part III of the Constitution
  • Both the rights common domain and separate domain are being provided to minorities under Fundamental Rights.
In the common domain , the following fundamental rights and freedoms are covered:
  • Article 14 People s right to equality before the law and equal protection of the laws
  • Article 15 (1) & (2) Prohibition of discrimination against citizens on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth.
  • Article 15 (4) Authority of State to make any special provision for the advancement of any socially and educationally backward classes of citizens (besides the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes).
  • Article 16(1)&(2) Citizens right to equality of opportunity in matters relating to employment or appointment to any office under the State and prohibition in this regard of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth
  • Article 16(4) Authority of State to make any provision for the reservation of appointments or posts in favour of any backward class of citizens which, in the opinion of the State, is not adequately represented in the services under the State
  • Article 25(1) People s freedom of conscience and right to freely profess, practice and propagate religion subject to public order, morality and other Fundamental Rights.
  • Article 26 Right of every religious denomination or any section thereof subject to public order, morality and health to establish and maintain institutions for religious and charitable purposes, manage its own affairs in matters of religion , and own and acquire movable immovable property and administer it in accordance with law .
  • Article 27 Prohibition against compelling any person to pay taxes for promotion of any particular religion .
  • Article 28 People s freedom as to attendance at religious instruction or religious worship in educational institutions wholly maintained, recognized, or aided by the State.
Separate Domain of Minority Rights:
  • Article 25 Sikh community s right of wearing and carrying of Kirpans.
  • Article 29(1) Right of any section of the citizens to conserve its distinct language, script or culture .
  • Article 29(2) Restriction on denial of admission to any citizen, to any educational institution maintained or aided by the State, on grounds only of religion, race, caste, language or any of them .
  • Article 30(1) Right of all Religious and Linguistic Minorities to establish and administer educational institutions of their choice.
  • Article 30(2) Freedom of Minority-managed educational institutions from discrimination in the matter of receiving aid from the State.
  • Article 347 Special provision relating to the language spoken by a section of the population of any State.
  • Article 350 A Provision for facilities for instruction in mother-tongue at primary stage.
  • Article 350 B Provision for a Special Officer for Linguistic Minorities and his duties
Note: The model answer is only for your reference and not an ideal answer for the question.

Link to Question 1 - Click Here


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