Anthropology Answer Writing Practice - Week 12 - Question 6
90 Days Anthropology Answer Writing Practice Question 2 for 23-Feb-2018
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23-Feb-2018 - Question 2
Discuss the criticism leveled against anthropology in the context of Isolation, and assimilation debate on tribal populations.(250 words)
Provisions of the Sixth Schedule
As per the Sixth Schedule, the four states viz. Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram contain the Tribal Areas which are technically different from the Scheduled Areas. Though these areas fall within the executive authority of the state, provision has been made for the creation of the District Councils and regional councils for the exercise of the certain legislative and judicial powers. Each district is an autonomous district and Governor can modify/divide the boundaries of the said Tribal areas by notification. Currently, there are ten such Councils in the region.
Legislative Powers of the Sixth Schedule Councils
The district councils and regional councils have powers to make laws on certain matters of local importance but all such laws require the assent of the governor. The subjects on which these councils can make laws include:
- Roads, bridges, ferries etc. modes of transport
- Animal husbandry, veterinary training & practice
- Primary and Secondary Education
- Agriculture including farm research and education
Judicial Powers of the Sixth Schedule Council
The laws made by the state legislature on any subject that comes within the jurisdiction of the council, would not extend within the jurisdiction of the autonomous council unless the council so directs by public notification. The President in regard to a Central Act and the Governor in regard to a State Act may direct that the Central Act or State Act shall not apply to an autonomous district or shall apply with such modifications as may be specified. The Councils have also been endowed with wide civil and criminal judicial powers, for example establishing village courts etc. However, jurisdiction of these councils is subject to jurisdiction of the concerned High Court.